During these years, in accompany with economic development and changes of value concept, ROC has paid more and more attention to such issues as preservation and development of domestic traditional art and culture, etc. However, in accompany with the disappearance of more and more of the old art masters, many people start to review whether the preservation and transition method of ROC of such intangible cultural heritage as traditional art, etc. is proper and effective.
A review of the development in Japan shows its protection and related incentive package measures for the traditional art and culture have been put into practice much earlier than those of ROC. Japan, since 1950, has established “Cultural Heritage Protection Act”. The characteristic of this Act is to integrate the related protection measures of various cultural heritages, and establish a set of laws, in particular about the part of the said “intangible cultural heritage”. This paper mainly studies how Japan engages in preserving “intangible cultural heritage”. The entire paper is divided into five chapters. Except for Chapter I Introduction and Chapter V Conclusions, there are total three chapters of the basic study: Chapter II mainly describes the related details and systems of the Cultural Heritage Protection Act of Japan, in particular focusing on the aspect of intangible cultural heritage; Chapter III studies the related agencies and organizations of intangible cultural heritage in Japan; Chapter IV mainly discusses the functions of the independent institution – Japan Artistic & Cultural Revitalization Foundation.
This study concludes though Japan, since its Meiji Restoration of 1868, has actively learned the cultures of various nations in Europe and America, yet concurrently started to examine its own culture and treasure it. In particular, the preservation of intangible cultural heritage requires “human beings” to serve as the transition medium. If it is desired to comprehensively preserve and successfully transit intangible cultural heritage, it shall rely on true attention and active participation of the nation, local public groups, cultural heritage owners and every citizen, instead of the past practice of relying solely on the “master-disciple transition system”. At present, in “Cultural Heritage Protection Act” and the related items or articles of law, it is clearly specified the missions performed by the national and local public groups, and it also requires both the cultural heritage owners and all citizens to share a common recognition that the protection and preservation of cultural heritage is a very important work. Concerning the “Cultural Heritage Preservation Law” in ROC, since the enforcement of the new version “Cultural Heritage Preservation Law” in November 2005 after the 5th revision since the promulgation and enforcement in 1982, it is the first time of providing a comprehensive and structural change. In the aspect of content, 61 Articles are expanded to 104 Articles; the classification of cultural heritage was also adjusted, with reference to some spirit of the “Cultural Heritage Protection Act” in Japan. However, up to now, partial related laws and related items or articles of law are not approved and revised, that the actual execution situation is still pending for further observation.