|摘要: ||回顧日本的經濟，自1990年初泡沫經濟形成以來，至2000年初，日本的經濟仍持續低迷。究其原因，日本產經各界各有著不同的看法，大致上例如: 不良債權、土地及股價的下滑及財政金融政策的失敗等等，均為造成景氣低迷之因。|
Reviewing the Japanese economy, we can state that in the beginning of the nineties economy was in a rather bad condition and it continued keeping this weak form until the year 2000. Examining the reasons for this, each sector of the industries’ economy has its own perspective on things which are more or less as follows: unsupportive credit-rights, the decrease of land and stock values and furthermore the failure of the finance and monetary policy. These are all equally responsible for the depression of the economic boom.
Japan endures the powerful competition of the low-priced labor cost of various countries in Asia, during the last years the proportion of Japanese companies going overseas for production purposes gradually increased. Apart from that, the percentage of production abroad back in 1990 (6%) was exceeded twice only 10 years later in 2000 (14,5%) and kept growing ever since. In 2005 the rate was as high as 16.7% and during the last fiscal year even topped that by 0.5 % which is the all-time peak so far. Each business section has to be looked at separately especially when it comes to the leading businesses in Japanese economic development such as: electrical machinery, automotive industry, the telecommunication sector and precision engineering. The production in overseas of the above mentioned increased constantly, whereas the domestic production for chemical engineering, the metal and fiber industry had to be diminished since they have been in a low tide for a long time. Besides, because of the constant moving of production sites out of Japan the rates of staff hiring is also decreasing, a worrisome ‘hollowing out’ is taking place. According to a recent survey on Japanese industry, main reasons for leaving Japan are not only the low labor costs in other Asian countries but also other factors such as low rent and low material costs make it a very attractive option.Moreover, since Japan started to invest into the Asians countries by building production sites, they also helped the local communities in those nations to take advantage of the additional chances the Japanese brought along, e.g. increasing job market. The first markets which benefited from the Japanese investments were the NIEs. Later the concept was expanded on to China and South East Asia.
Besides, the trend of opening the tertiary industry in Asia also had a big influence on Japan, boosting its own tertiary industry. The Japanese tertiary industry used to be quite insensible to foreign industrial influences. But once having noticed the high standards of other foreign countries on that matter, the Japanese understood they need to have the same candidness thus hoping to improve the situation.