台灣總督府在日本領台期間積極推動殖民政策，並意圖將台灣建設為南進的跳板而完成許多基礎建設，台灣也因此由農業社會轉型為工業社會。 本論文以1931-1934年間日月潭水力發電所施工現場為背景，探討施工廠商之一的鹿島組在工程建設過程中，如何克服惡劣的環境，縮短工期順利完工。當時的所長渡邊喜三郎在工地管理上，堅持讓工程人員在安定的環境下工作，因此致力改善施工環境的安全衛生、注重膳食炊事、閒暇娛樂、精神寄託等設施，這種優厚福利措施日後對同業亦帶來很大的影響。 日月潭水力發電所建設完成後，台灣因有充分的電力而得以發展工業，為因應台灣的工業發展所需，短期間決定繼續興造第二座水力發電所，使台灣能更快達到南進跳板的目的。 During the period governed by Japan, Taiwan governor-general palace promoted the colonial policy actively and intended to build Taiwan as a springboard for Southward Policy by finishing a lot of basic constructions. Taiwan therefore passed through the transition to the industrial society from the agricultural society. Regards the construction site of Sun-moon Lake hydroelectric power plant among 1931~1934 as the background, this thesis is to mainly investigate how Kjima (one of the constructors) overcame the abominable environment, shortened the time limit and completed the project smoothly in the course of engineering. The chief of the plant, Mr. Watanabe Kisaburou, at that time insisted on letting the labors worked under a stable environment, devoted to improving the security and sanitation, and paid attention to the facilities of the meal cooking and entertainment. Such munificent welfare measure brought great influences on the same business afterwards. After construction is finished in the Sun-moon Lake hydroelectric power plant, Taiwan can develop industry because of sufficient of electricity. In conformity with industrial development in Taiwan, building a second hydroelectric power plant in a short time will expedite Taiwan to achieve the goal of springboard for Southward.