|題名: ||日本の核政策への試論 : 日米中の対立を中心に|
|其他題名: ||試論日本的核子策略 : 美日中的對立為中心|
The essay of the nuclear policy of Japan : mainly on an opposition out of Japan, the United States and China
|作者: ||磯部友和;Tomokazu, Isobe|
|關鍵詞: ||核武裝;核抑止論;核保護傘;MD;NPT;nuclear weaponry;nuclear military capability;nuclear umbrella;MD;NPT;核武装;核抑止論;核の傘;MD;NPT|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:52:37 (UTC+8)|
During World War II Japan was both an aggressor and the only country in history to have ever been attacked with the atomic bomb. Believing in the faith of other countries and with the ideal of creating peace, some 60 years since World War II, Japan has maintained a government policy of peace, following non- and anti-atomic weapon government policies using the “Three Anti-Nuclear Principles” as its basis.
Japan neighbors China, a supreme nuclear power, and as such, is exposed to a military and nuclear threat from China. In contrast to the non- and anti-atomic weapon policies of Japan, the number of nuclear weapons has continued to increase in other countries. Moreover, the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty which seeks a reduction in nuclear weapons has proven to be pragmatically ineffective, and no international mechanism exists which is aimed at the total abolition of nuclear weapons. This is because thinking on the matter of the reduction and elimination of nuclear weapons is extremely diverse.
Certainly, nuclear weaponry not only reflects the military technological standards of today, but it is an indispensably concrete and practical expression in the construction of a country’s national security and defense policies. With anarchy and chaos prevalent in so many parts of the world, a nuclear power is able to protect its existence and its international voice. It would be hard to imagine completely abandoning the only absolute military technology which currently keeps the balance of power amongst nations.
As long as both the Japanese government and people do not acknowledge this current state of affairs in the international community, it will be impossible for Japan to come up with a concrete national security policy to protect itself. Likewise, no realistic results can be achieved if the people of Japan simply continue to blindly call for an abolition of nuclear weapons without better understanding the implications for Japan and the world.
China has developed its nuclear capabilities on the basis that since the United States has both nuclear and non-nuclear military capability, China, too has the right to do the same. Concurrently, the military power of the United States is viewed as the only way for Japan to be protected against the nuclear threat of China. If we say that America’s “Nuclear Umbrella” and “Missile Defense System” help maintain national security in Japan, then it is possible for Japan to continue to abide by the “Three Anti-Nuclear Principles”.
To both temporarily guarantee the national security and defense of Japan, which faces a nuclear threat, and also to permanently seek a complete elimination of nuclear weapons, there is no other way for Japan to have a voice in the international community unless it also becomes both a nuclear power as well as a nuclear deterrent power.
Based on the understanding that there is uncertainty in America’s Missile Defense system, that the “ability to deter nuclear attack” and a “nuclear umbrella” are not the same thing and that the meaningless and deceptive Nuclear Proliferation Treaty is unnecessary, Japan’s being able to deter nuclear attack by having nuclear weapons and having the choice to secure the right to protect itself as well as its voice in international matters is extremely reasonable and appropriate for a responsible country that has actively pursued world peace. This would be the only way to realize this highest ideal.