Since year 1990’s, more and more Japanese high schools incorporate “Chinese” into one of their foreign language courses. There are four reasons: (1) The increasing close tie in economics and cultural exchanges between Japan and China/Taiwan. (2) High schools of researchers commissioned by the Education Ministry since 1991, 32 of them started feasibility studies about Chinese language education. (3) Due to the sharp decline in the number of births, Japanese high schools started to develop their own school specialties to satisfy the higher needs of new generation students. (4) Since 1997, University Testing Center Examination（UTCE） has added Chinese as a new test item, besides existing English and French. In the past, the students choose Chinese mainly basing on their interests in Chinese language/literature and culture, but now, more and more students study the language for job requirement.
At present, in Japanese high schools, Chinese is leading Germany and French in second foreign language as the most favorite selection. But, however, only less than 10% of Japanese high school have the Chinese courses now, some prefectures even have no such course in any school. Therefore, the high school Chinese language education is still in infancy period in Japan. But, in the meantime, the Japanese high school Chinese language education continues to improve due to enthusiasm of teachers of the courses. Now the main areas need to improve are: the editing of standard textbook, the cultivation and retention of teachers, too less number of courses/credits available, ensuring job security of part time teachers, etc.
The information used in the thesis mostly come from published books and reports of Japanese Education Ministry, The Japan Forum; other research papers, educational material information, and other public information from the internet. Based on these and a generic analysis and research, it is expected that the thesis can be used as an useful reference for the study of the second foreign language education in high schools of our country.