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|Title: ||日治時代における台湾の神社政策 : その国民統合の役割を中心として|
|Other Titles: ||日治時代台灣的神社政策 : 以其在國民統合中扮演之角色為中心|
Shinto shrine policy in Taiwan in Japanese colonial period : the role in uniting people
日治時代臺灣的神社政策 : 以其在國民統合中扮演之角色為中心
|Authors: ||賴麗蓮;Lai, Li-lien|
|Keywords: ||日據時代;神社政策;殖民地;國民統合;宗教;Japanese colonial period;Shinto shrine policy;colony;the unity of the people;religion;日本統治時代;神社政策;植民地;国民統合;宗教|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:51:48 (UTC+8)|
The research task of this thesis is the connection between the Shinto shrine policy and the unity of the people in Taiwan in Japanese colonial period, and further proceeds to research the role of Shinto shrine policy in uniting people.
The Meiji government not only established the Shinto shrines in every colony, but also forced the colonials to worship and have faith in it. This is an infiltration that is for urging the colonials to agree with Tenno system. In other words, the ultimate goal of carrying out Shinto shrine policy is to accomplish Japanese’ political purpose, namely governance.
In the beginning of Japanese colonial period, the government-general didn’t force the colonials to worship the Taiwan Shrine after establishing it. That is because it would arouse public indignation if government-general forced the colonials to give up their original religion before being accepted by the colonials. However, in order to continuously proceed with the Kominka movement, the government became more radical to carry out the Shinto shrine policy after the Sino‐Japanese war. Thereafter, the conventional religions were controlled, and the colonials were forced to change their life styles as well. As a result, the colonials were outraged by the government’s actions.
Two reasons that no matter how much the government-general in Taiwan endeavored to establish the shrines, or force the colonials to worship and serve the shrines, the Shinto shrines still couldn’t be respected at that time are the colonials had their deep faith in the conventional religions and the different concepts of god between the colonials and the government. The national Shinto is originally the symbol of the unity of the people, because it developed under the state power. That’s also the reason why it can’t be accepted by colonies. The Seichyo-Kaizen movement is a good illustration of it.
In short, that is why such a religion which is full with political purpose could not be accepted, and the intention that government wants to achieve by shrines would fail eventually.
|Appears in Collections:||[日本研究所] 學位論文|
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