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    Title: 国家神道と台湾植民地統治
    Other Titles: National shinto and Taiwan colonial reign
    國家神道與台灣殖民地統治
    國家神道與臺灣殖民地統治
    Authors: 呂芳麟;Lu Fang-ling
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士班
    劉長輝;Liou, Charng-huei
    Keywords: 明治;明治維新;國家神道;台灣殖民地統治;Meiji;National Shinto;Taiwan Colonial Reign
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:50:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 國家神道是日本自1868年(明治元年)明治維新開始直到1945年(昭和20年)的太平洋戰爭戰敗為止, 在日本社會所建構的天皇崇拜與神社信仰一体化的新「國教」。換言之, 國家神道是一種前後約80年間支配日本國民的宗教, 或可說是宗教性的政治制度。在此期間, 國家神道不斷地隨著政治的變遷而在制度上有所改變。
    由於國家神道有三大支柱: 「祭政一致」「日本帝國憲法」「教育敕語」, 而明治政府充分利用此三大支柱來推行國政, 並普及教育到國家的每一角落及每一國民。原本的司祭者 ― 天皇 ― 又兼任最高統治者的職位, 而且二三十年來上述三大支柱均一再地灌輸有關對天皇忠誠, 對國家效忠的民族主義政治思想(Ideology) ,以致當時的日本國民人人均有「隨時可為國家聖戰 ,為天皇效命在所不惜」的強烈意識 , 再加上日俄戰爭及中日戰爭的相繼戰勝超大國家 , 終於造成軍國主義高漲而出兵對外侵略, 最後必須走上不可收拾的毀滅之路。
    1895年(明治28年) 中日戰爭的結果, 漢清政府大敗而將台灣割讓給日本, 從此開治50年的台灣殖民地統治, 在此論文當中論述日本國家神道的政治演變及在制度上的改變, 相對其統治台灣時所實施的宗教政策的相關。也證明了日治時期的台灣宗教政策與日本國家神道政策是息息相關的。
    The National Shinto is a new「religion」which is utilized and controlled by the Meiji Restoration government from 1868 to 1945.That is to say, The National Shinto is used in the whole country education to every body in Japan from 1868( Meiji Restoration) to 1945 (the end of World War Ⅱ).
    During this around 80 years, Meiji Government forced his people to accept National Shinto and educated them about 「Be royal to Emperor , Be royal to Country, even it is the first honor to sacrifice the life for sacred war 」.After 20 to 30 years, all people are fill with nationalism and Ideology. After won from Sino-Japanese War (1895)and Russo-Japanese war (1905) , militarism is uplifted thoroughly. At last they beckoned the ruin.
    The Taiwan colonial reign was begun from 1895 after the Japan Meiji Government won the Sino-Japanese War .Of course they used the National Shinto policy to constitute Taiwan religion policy. Needless to say ,the education policy in Taiwan colonial reign was also influenced. In this thesis , we prove the National Shinto had affinity with the Taiwan colonial reign
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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