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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30637

    Title: 墨西哥原住民的權利追尋:以薩帕帝斯塔民族解放軍與政府關係為中心(1994–2004)
    Other Titles: Mexican indigenous in pursuit of the rights : focus on the relationship between the Ezln and the government (1994-2004)
    Authors: 黃仲一;Huang, Chung-yi
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    白方濟;Pérez, Francisco Luis
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:50:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1994年「薩帕帝斯塔民族解放軍」(西班牙文縮寫為EZLN)於恰帕斯州發動武裝抗爭,其後挾著發言人馬可士的個人魅力,持續利用資訊戰和社會網絡戰等等新的社會運動形式,企圖扭轉墨西哥社會既有的族群關係,爭取本應屬於國內原住民的失落的權利。傳統的族群關係表現於被殖民者(或被統治者、弱勢族群、奴隸、農民)和殖民者(或統治者、強勢族群、資本家、地主)的接觸之中;另根據聯合國「原住權利宣言草案」的共識,原住民權利包含了認同權、自決權、文化權、財產權及補償權。

    In order to change the existing ethnic relationship in Mexico and fight for the lost rights originally belonged to Mexican indigenous, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (an abbreviation in Spanish is EZLN) declared war, taking advantage of the personal charisma of the spokesman Marcos and the new mode of the social movements like “Information Operations” and “Social NetWar”, on the Mexican government in the year 1994. The encounters between the colonized (or the dominated, minority groups, slaves, and peasants) and colonists (or dominant rulers, majority groups, capitalists, and landlords) reflect the traditional ethnic relationship. Besides, according to the Draft United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous people, indigenous rights contain identity rights, self-determination rights, cultural rights, properties rights, and compensate rights.

    The purpose of the thesis is in the description of the interaction between EZLN and the three Administrations in president Salinas, Zedillo and Fox, so as to understand the transition of the Mexican indigenous rights from the year1994 to 2004 under the influences of the Latin American colonial history and the indigenous policies after the Independence. The San Andrés Accords and the Initiative of the Constitutional reforms about indigenous rights and culture based on the mentioned document (the Cocopa Law) of the year 1996 are regarded as the key points of the development of the Mexican indigenous rights, and are said to be the principal documents of the interaction between EZLN and the government. The new edition of the Initiative proposed by the Congress changes the crucial words about self-determination rights and properties rights from the original one. This action unsatisfied EZLN, and froze the relationship between both sides. Obviously, the government ignored the necessaries of the indigenous’; therefore, EZLN developed their autonomous regions up to the higher level. All of these important transitions and nuanced changes are discussed in the thesis, which will make the comparative conclusion between EZLN and the three presidents’ Administrations, recognizing that the land is the nucleus of the indigenous’ problems. The new social movement lead by EZLN is building the new ethnic relationship in Mexico, pressing the government to make a concession of rights to the indigenous. Finally, the thesis reexamines the theoretic progress and the real situation about Mexican indigenous rights from the year 1994 to 2004.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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