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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30635

    Title: 歐洲聯盟對智利直接投資之研究
    Other Titles: The study of European Union's foreign direct investment in Chile
    Authors: 劉怡萍;Liu, Yi-ping
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    熊建成;Hui, Juan-hung
    Keywords: 歐盟;全球化;外國直接投資;智利;EU;Chile;Globalization;FDI
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:50:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以全球在地接軌的角度,審視全球化趨勢下智利地區區域經濟的結構性轉變。分析時選用在智利外國人直接投資作為全球化經濟活動的主要媒介(carrier),以不同時間序列下的外國人直接投資分佈,了解全球化經濟活動在智利形成的空間結構特性,及其變化過程。
    歐洲聯盟(European Union)基於地緣政治及歷史因素之考量,對外經貿關係的發展基本上呈現出層級性的特色,對歐盟而言,地大物博人口眾多的拉丁美洲不僅具有高度的經貿利益,也是其在全球均衡佈局爭取友誼以提升歐洲影響力的成長夥伴。歐盟加緊對智利的投資與貿易,主要目的也在於使自己在與美國的競爭中處於有利地位。
    This study surveys the structural transition of the regional economy in Chile under the globalization tendency. The FDI status is used as the carrier for analyzing the globalization economic activities. The distribution of the FDI under different time series revealed how the global economic activities had influenced the spatial structure in Chile.
    Foreign Direct Investment has increased sharply during 1990’s in 20th century as most countries began to realize Neoliberlism economic policies and adapted a serious of incentive policies to encourage FDI’s inflow. Moreover, many developing countries and transition economies started to lower the limitation for FDI to enter in the local industries, meanwhile the authorities also privatilized some industries and sectors which were protected previously.
    Foreign direct investment, accompanying with the rising of multinational
    enterprisers becomes the main power of economic development. For host country, it is not only the supplier of capital sources, but also the introducer of tangible or intangible assets such as technology, marketing strategies and methods ofmanagement, etc.The main purpose of this thesis is to analyze the characteristics of the structural change of FDI during these years in Chile, especially the role of FDI in sectoral dynamic change and in the process of being integrated into the international industrial order. In addition, it also analyzes how the multinational enterprises impact the Chile industrial structure and how to promote international competitiveness in the outward orientation strategy and how to increase employment opportunities to help the economic development in Chile.
    Based on geopolitical and historical consideration, the EU’s external relation development presents a hierarchical characteristic.Since 1990s, because of the transition in global, regional and national conditions, EU begins to strengthen the political and economic relationship with LA. The main purpose for the EU stepping up the investment and trade with Chile lies in making itself in the favorable position in the competition with USA.
    Convincingly, foreign direct investment flows into Chile has devoted to a significant contribution and influence. Following the billow of globalization
    accelerated by more liberal market economy, should Chile continues to promote foreign investment inflows but concentrating intensively on high-tech industries, constantly to improve infrastructure, cease from the intermittent political disquiet, then Chile can be foreseen as an a vigorous stakeholder of emerging economy in the global village.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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