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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30623

    Title: 智利老人年金制度改革研究
    Other Titles: A research of pension reform in Chile
    Authors: 林文彥;Lin, Wen-yen
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    陳小雀;Chen, Hsiao-chuan
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:49:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著人口趨勢不斷的老化,高齡化社會來臨,接踵而至的是有關老人的相關問題,包括老人經濟安全、醫療、照顧等……,而當中又以其老人經濟安全保障為最重要的一環。而以往所謂的福利國家,面臨如此人口趨勢的挑戰,其財政入不敷出,也不得不改弦更張,將其老人年金制度做改革;相對於,已開發國家人口老化已相當嚴重的情況,開發中國家所面臨的危機似乎是在未來,但為因應已確定的趨勢,就必須提早未雨繆綢,提早做出改變。
    On getting older the demographic trend, aging society is coming. It accompany a lot of agenda about elderly persons, including the economic safety, health care etc…Above all, the economic safety of elderly persons is the most important issue. So called “welfare state”, facing the challenge of demographic trend, it has caused the big deficits, derived from the fall earning and the increase in expenditure. Therefore they need to reform its pension system. For the county in the way of development, the same situation they will face in the near future. Now it’s the best moment for them to reform.
    The current Chilean pension system came into force in November 1980 with the publication of Decree-Law No.3500. It encompassed old age, disability and survivor’s benefits on the basis of compulsory personal capitalization .The worker is responsible for building up his or her own pension. The government just plays the role of surveillance and making the law. They offer the minimum pension only when the worker fail to accumulate sufficient money in their own account .Since pension reform has been reformed, it not only directly improves the situation of elderly persons , but also attributes to the development of domestic economy and social progress.

    After 24 years operating, the reform show the considerable successful result .There are many counties has learned lesson form Chilean experience. For example, the Latin America and Central and Eastern counties etc….Furthermore, the U.S.A. also take Chilean model into account. Taiwan’s retirement system will reform in July this year. It adopts the individual account system as well. In summary, Chilean model has influence a lot of county those wants to reform its pension system.

    The main purpose of this thesis is to analyze the background and the reason why Chile reform its pension system. I wish to offer Taiwan’s reform more possibility. Let Taiwan’s reform can go through well and prevent form happening the same problem the Chile went through and take the good use of Chilean successful experience.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Latin American Studies] Thesis

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