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|Other Titles: ||The intervention of the United States to Chile (Allende-Pinochet, 1970-1990)|
|Authors: ||石婷月;Shih, Ting-yueh|
|Keywords: ||智利;阿葉德;皮諾契;馬克思主義;社會主義;美籍多國公司;尼克森;Chile;Allende;Pinochet;Marxism;Socialism;Multinational Corporation;Nixon|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:49:31 (UTC+8)|
The United States usually interferes coercively in the affairs of other states, especially in those of the small countries in the Third World. This thesis is the study of U.S. intervention to Chile (Allende-Pinochet), to illustrate the characteristics and patterns of U.S. intervention, and analyzed the legality of U.S. intervention. The Purpose of this thesis is to find out how the U.S. intervened in affairs of the West Hemisphere, an area that is traditionally considered the U.S. sphere of influence. Finally, it evaluated two governments by their similarities and differences.
Salvador Allende democratically elected as president of Chile came as a great shock to the United States. Allende’s politics counldn’t fully described as Marxism, and some of them originated from nationalism. Allende experimented socialism in Chile and the western democracy. Because of the President Allende nationalized the Gran Minería in 1971, resisted the U.S. government and the american multinational corporations pressure. President Nixon of the U.S. regards Allende’s government as second Cuba, and the threat of security to the West Hemisphere. Nixon’s government had done every thing it could to diplomatically isolate, economically blockade, and politically destabilize Allende’s Chile for three years.
On September 11, 1973, the army, navy, air force, and the police united to provoke a political coup d’etat in Chile. It not only turned over the Allende’s government, but also brought the Chileans a long authoritarian regime for sixteen years. After General Augusto Pinochet assumed the presidency, Pinochet forced not only the longest and the most severe authoritarian rule in Chilean history, but also made the Chileans suffered crucial repression from the military government. Although the U.S. gave Chile suitable economy and the military assistance after the Chile coup d''etat, Chile was isolated by international because of the human rights questions in the military-controlled government. It caused the U.S. unable to neglect human rights question and the responsibility of justice, and continued to support and sympathized with Pinochet.
|Appears in Collections:||[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文|
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