全文筆數/總筆數 : 49195/83607 (59%)
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|其他題名: ||The relations between the political changes and the development of foreign direct investment of Mexico|
|作者: ||蕭勇毅;Hsiao, Yung-i|
|關鍵詞: ||墨西哥;政治變遷;政治風險;選舉制度改革;外資;Mexico;Political change;Political risk;Reform of electoral system;foreign investment|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:49:09 (UTC+8)|
To become industrialized countries, certain countries in Latin America have adopted the Import Substitution to help them develop their industries. During this process, they usually faced the difficulty of lack of capital, in consequence tending to seek the investment from outward would be a commonly chosen resolution. However, once the foreign investments were imported in a country, the politics and economy could not avoid being affected. These phenomenons are strongly criticized by advocators of Dependency Theory and World system, taking the foreign investments as the accomplice of the economical or political interventions from developed countries to the Third World.
Fortunately, Mexico is ruled by the PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) after the Mexican Revolution. The long-term one-party authoritarian governance makes the government hold more power on the establishment of the political and economical policy, and it is more difficult for foreign investors to intervene. The government also draws up the foreign investment law to regulate certain departments about allowing the foreigners to invest and the proportion of stock holding. This method not only keeps the independence of the national sovereignty, but conducts the foreign investments into those industries and areas which need the capitals. It makes Mexico become one of the most successful examples taking advantage from foreign investments in Latin America.
Foreign investors choose the investing countries based on the analysis of a country’s economic environment, and the political stabilization is also a basic element to be considered. Since a country’s political structure is not constantly unchanged but transforms by the rotation of different hierarchies, the transformation becomes political changes. Mexican authoritarian system becomes loosen because the economic development is slowed down. After the debt crisis in 1982, the president started to reform the electoral system and implement democracy. After striving so hard for years, Mexico has been taken as a genuine democracy, especially after the government turnover in the presidential election in 2000. The purpose of this thesis is to research the details of how the presidents of Mexico speed up the process of becoming democratic within the past 20-something years. Furthermore, the competition between the political parties and how the neoliberalistic economic policies and the political changes within this period affect the foreign investments are also discussed and researched in this thesis.