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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30614

    Title: 墨西哥政治變遷與外資發展之關係
    Other Titles: The relations between the political changes and the development of foreign direct investment of Mexico
    Authors: 蕭勇毅;Hsiao, Yung-i
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    王秀琦;Wang, Hsiu-chi
    Keywords: 墨西哥;政治變遷;政治風險;選舉制度改革;外資;Mexico;Political change;Political risk;Reform of electoral system;foreign investment
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:49:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 許多拉美國家要邁入工業化國家,幾乎都會採取「進口替代」的政策,使自己國家的工業逐漸發展成形。然而這些國家在經濟發展過程中,往往都會遭遇到資本不足的問題,因此轉向國外尋求資金的挹注是這些國家解決問題的途徑之一。只是一旦外資被引進,國內政治、經濟政策的制訂難保不受到外資的干預,對被投資國的國家主權更是一大威脅。依賴/世界體系理論就對外資大加撻伐,認定外資為先進國家對第三世界進行經濟與政治侵略的幫兇。


    To become industrialized countries, certain countries in Latin America have adopted the Import Substitution to help them develop their industries. During this process, they usually faced the difficulty of lack of capital, in consequence tending to seek the investment from outward would be a commonly chosen resolution. However, once the foreign investments were imported in a country, the politics and economy could not avoid being affected. These phenomenons are strongly criticized by advocators of Dependency Theory and World system, taking the foreign investments as the accomplice of the economical or political interventions from developed countries to the Third World.

    Fortunately, Mexico is ruled by the PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) after the Mexican Revolution. The long-term one-party authoritarian governance makes the government hold more power on the establishment of the political and economical policy, and it is more difficult for foreign investors to intervene. The government also draws up the foreign investment law to regulate certain departments about allowing the foreigners to invest and the proportion of stock holding. This method not only keeps the independence of the national sovereignty, but conducts the foreign investments into those industries and areas which need the capitals. It makes Mexico become one of the most successful examples taking advantage from foreign investments in Latin America.

    Foreign investors choose the investing countries based on the analysis of a country’s economic environment, and the political stabilization is also a basic element to be considered. Since a country’s political structure is not constantly unchanged but transforms by the rotation of different hierarchies, the transformation becomes political changes. Mexican authoritarian system becomes loosen because the economic development is slowed down. After the debt crisis in 1982, the president started to reform the electoral system and implement democracy. After striving so hard for years, Mexico has been taken as a genuine democracy, especially after the government turnover in the presidential election in 2000. The purpose of this thesis is to research the details of how the presidents of Mexico speed up the process of becoming democratic within the past 20-something years. Furthermore, the competition between the political parties and how the neoliberalistic economic policies and the political changes within this period affect the foreign investments are also discussed and researched in this thesis.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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