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    題名: 新區域主義之實踐---以南錐共同市場為例
    其他題名: The tendency of new regionalism --- case study of mercosur
    作者: 鄭喬文;Cheng, Chiao-wen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    宮國威;Kung, Kuo-wei
    關鍵詞: 區域主義;新區域主義;區域整合;南錐共同市場;Regionalism;New Regionalism;regional integration;Mercosur
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:48:58 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 區域主義總共經過四個時期的演進,第一時期為十九世紀,由發生在歐洲國家內部的貿易行為而啟動;第二時期則於一次大戰後區域協議的簽署,一次及二次大戰期間所簽署的區域協議,多發生在強權國家,通常伴隨強國為鞏固其帝國強權的目的,其手段多半為削減區域間關稅為主,保護主義形式的雙邊協議是此時期的特點;第三個時期則為二次戰後,仍舊以區域性發展為主軸,然而不同於前者,特別受美國強調多邊貿易原則的影響,多邊經濟合作已在此時萌芽;至於第四個時期則為冷戰結束後,新一波的區域主義伴隨高度的經濟互賴並且多邊主義的架構已成形,其發展相較於以往顯得更加開放及自由。


    The development of Regionalism has gone through four stages thus far. The first stage occurred within the European countries for their trading activities in the nineteenth century; the second stage came after World War I. From the end of World War I to the end of World War II, regional agreements signed within those powerful countries with the aim of consolidating their imperial power, were carried out mainly by lowering regional tariffs. The third stage developed after the end of World War II. Regional development maintained its importance; however, multilateral trade principles, encouraged by the United States, had led the world to a multilateral economic cooperative system. Protectionism was no longer the driving force of regionalism. Instead, openness came to define the last stage that started after the Cold War. The new wave of regionalism comes along with highly economic interdependence. On the other hand, the structure of multilateralism has been well formed which made the development of regionalism comparatively more open-oriented and liberalized.

    Regionalism has been realized through regional integration. Involving itself in a certain regional integration not only will an individual country be able to meet the need to expand the consumer market, but also be able to enforce its power when it comes to negotiations and to attract foreign investment. This thesis aims to analyze why countries join regional integrations, especially those developing countries that are seeking national and economic security and the connection with the worldwide trade market after the collapse of two-polar world system.

    By reforming internal economic condition according to the disciplines of Neoliberalism, Latin American countries had abandoned the Import-Substituting Industrialization policy and adapted an export-oriented policy including deregulation, market-openness and reduction of interference from the governments. Brazil and Argentina, as the two largest South American countries, sensed the need to cooperate. In 1991, along with neighboring countries, Paraguay and Uruguay, they formed the South Common Market (Mercado del Sur or Mercosur in Spanish). From there, this thesis is not only going to present my analysis of the internal and external development of Mercosur with the characteristics of New Regionalism, but also general difficulties encountered by developing countries.
    顯示於類別:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文


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