Mapuche indigenous people was the only race who had successfully resisted the invasion of the Spanish in Latin American history. During the colonial time, after signing “the Treaty of Quilín”, the Mapuche indigenous people made a clear distinction with the Spanish, declared the sovereignty of the south of Chile, and established an independent country. However, after the independence of Chile, the land of Mapuche was included into the Republic. This situation involved them into a “vice-country” of Chile, and the sovereignty of Mapuche land was also annexed. For all that, a strong national identity still exist in Mapuche group; it not only caused the different idea between Chilean and Mapuche people, but also influenced the indigenous policy of Chile under the globalization.
In chapter 2, briefly introducing the population, economy, society and culture of Mapuche indigenous people. Knowing the process of the independence of Chile could help us understand the conflict of the citizen right between Chilean and Mapuche indigenous people. In addition, evaluating the value of the existence of Mapuche indigenous people in Chile; chapter 3 is about the four historic periods of Mapuche indigenous people, discussing the influence of the policy and legislation of the Chilean government.; chapter 4 is about the impact of the international world current: the consciousness of the indigenous people, the principal of localization, national identity and national cultural property. In chapter 5, discussing the main subjects and solutions that Chilean and Mapuche indigenous people should face together nowadays.
The conclusion is the induction of the problem of Mapuche indigenous people in Chile, giving a position to Mapuche indigenous people in Chilean society, offering the direction of indigenous policy to Chilean government, and affiliating this thesis to offer a new way of thinking for both of them.