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|Title: ||布爾喬亞(資產階級)對社會文化發展之影響 : 以墨西哥為例|
|Other Titles: ||A study on the influence of bourgeoisie to the development of social culture : a case study of Mexico|
|Authors: ||徐韻媛;Hsu, Yun-yuan|
|Keywords: ||墨西哥;布爾橋亞;階級;墨西哥大革命;社會文化;Mexico;Bourgeoisie;Class;Mexican Revolution;Social Culture|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:48:51 (UTC+8)|
Mexico for many people is an exotic, strange place. It is a land of fine beaches and of Latin rhythms, the home of the legendary Pancho villa, of romantic and revolutionary ballads, of the moustaches, huge sombreros, tortillas, and tamales. It is a land of Indian and ancient ruins. Mexico is a city full of culture surprise and easily perceptible in their daily life. By this idea, we find out the Mexican social culture is affected by many elements and one of those powerful influence is called “ Bourgeoisie”
Bourgeoisie is a French word. The early Anglicization "burgess" is derived from the old French burgeis (Cf. Also middle English: burgeis, burges, borges is equal to the inhabitant of a city or village). In the French feudal order, "bourgeois" was formally a legal category in society, defined by conditions such as length of residence and source of income.
In the early Middle Ages, as cities were forming, growing and emerging, artisans and tradesmen began to emerge as an economic force. They formed guilds, associations and companies to conduct business and promote their own interests. These people were the original bourgeoisie. In the late Middle Ages, they allied with the kings in uprooting the feudalist system, gradually becoming the ruling class in industrialised nation-states. In the 17th and 18th century, they generally supported the American revolution and French revolution in overthrowing the laws and privileges of the absolutist feudal order, clearing the way for the rapid expansion of commerce.
The word evolved to mean merchants and traders, and until the 19th century was mostly synonymous with the middle class (persons in the broad socioeconomic spectrum between nobility and serfs or proletarians). Then, as the power and wealth of the nobility faded in the second half of the 19th century, the bourgeoisie emerged as the new ruling class
This case study is focusd on the influnce of bourgeoise in Mexican social culture. We can analiyze it with two aspects. One is thoes wealthy burgeoise, who imitate and bring different customs and habits from upper class to the public. The other one is those burgeoise based on the sociologist Bourdieu Pierre, who make the theater、orchestra、wall paintings and many kinds of art activity generalized to give all the mexcican people to appreciate.
The thoery of Bourdieu Pierre is adopted throgh this analysis. We will see the bourgeoise from the new vision.
|Appears in Collections:||[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文|
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