After the third wave of democratization, many countries in democratic transition or consolidation carry out “transitional justice” by establishing “Truth Commission.” However, they also face political and moral problems.
By investigating three case studies on Chile, Peru, and Argentina, this thesis focuses on the execution of transitional justice and the solution of authoritarian legacies. First of all, the study emphasizes on the succeeding democratic governments’ investigation and trial of governors’ violation of human rights and abuse of power during dictatorship. The contents include literature review on transitional justice, the comparison of truth commissions, and the proceedings of authoritarian legacies. Moreover, the impacts of domestic political development in Chile, Argentina, Peru, and the changing international circumstances at the time on the beginning, change and termination of authoritarianism, and the emergence of democratic transition are all discussed.
This research compares the similarities and the difference among Chilean, Argentine and Peruvian cases and pursues the different fates of those dominators. The three cases not only have great influence on Latin America’s democracy, also contribute to Taiwan’s pursuit of transitional justice. It is expected that this study on Latin America will lead the future researchers to more academic, objective and complete studies on transitional justice.