由於國際社會是無政府狀態，在這樣的自助體系中，為了求生存，弱小的國家在面臨強大壓力時，藉由與任何國家打交道，採取結盟的方式企圖追求權力平衡，如同梅南政府傾向親美的政策方針，而季新尼政府與巴西和歐盟及主要會員國結盟。可以看出兩者均同意新現實主義中，國家最小至少要求生存的觀點，並透過結盟的方式，增加權力資源與權力能力。整體而言，依筆者之研究，阿根廷的對外政策確實是符合新現實主義思維的。 After the cold war, the international political system has radically changed. The international society transited from bipolar to unipolar system, and was dominated by USA. Many countries have adjusted their foreign policy to adopt the systematic change, such as Argentina. In recent years, due to the raising prices of energy and raw material, the emerging countries gradually play important roles in international society. According to those reasons, my thesis is focused on Argentine foreign policy. And this thesis is based on the perspectives of Neorealism theory.
The whole thesis uses the method of comparative research. The analysis compared the foreign policy of Menem and Kirchner Administration. The non-alignment movement was the guideline of Argentine government during the cold war. However, since 1989, Argentine foreign policy has basically reoriented. US-Argentine relationship is the core foreign policy of Menem Administration. After 2003, in order to alleviate the influences of US hegemony, Brazil and EU became Kirchner Administration’s strategic alliances. According to my study, we recognize the great explanatory power of Neorealism to the Argentine policy relative to USA and EU after 1990.