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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30594

    Title: 美國對海地政治發展之影響 : 以阿里斯蒂德政治危機為例
    Other Titles: U.S.influence to Haiti political developments : case study of Aristide political crisis as example
    Authors: 李佩樺;Lee, Pei-hua
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    熊建成;Hui, Juan-hung
    Keywords: 海地;阿里斯蒂德;維和行動;美國;Haiti;Jean-Bertrand Aristide;Peace keeping Operations;United States
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:48:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 美國在1776年獨立的時候,成為後來很多殖民地國家獨立的參照和榜樣,其次為海地於1804年脫離法國獨立,海地成為拉丁美洲第一個獨立的國家,然而200多年過去了,現今海地還是拉丁美洲最貧困的國家,國內政治無法穩定並存在嚴重的貪腐政治鬥爭問題,社會暴力事件層出不窮。


    Haiti''s colonial legacy is blame for much of its structural instability: slavery, a corrupt and repressive mulatto elite that ruled over the black population from independence in 1804 until the US occupation (1915-1934). When instability made foreign companies lose interest in Haiti’s cheap labor it suffered economic bankruptcy. Then the Duvalier family dictatorship rule Haiti 29 years. Since Jean-Claude Duvalier was pushed out in 1986, elections have been violent and have rarely resolved any of country’s pressing problems. When Jean-Bertrand Aristide, first came to power in 1990 at the head of the Lavalas grassroots movement, he only lasted a few months before the military kicked him out. Reinstated thanks to US intervention in 1994, he was only allowed to complete what had been his original term in office. At the same time, the UN starts Peace Keeping Operations in Haiti.

    By the political crisis happened again in 2004, especially in a country where the U.S. has traditionally intervened. That shows the U.S. intervenes defeat. Therefore the U.S. experiences cannot output, each country must aim at own condition development. After the political crisis, the UN Security Council sent Minustah. The stabilizing has succeeded in organising the elections but has not been able to stop the increase in internal instability, violence, the growth of armed groups or the economic crisis.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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