|其他題名: ||The influence of Miami Cuban immigrants in the United States|
|作者: ||陳智馨;Chen, Chih-hsin|
|關鍵詞: ||邁阿密;古巴移民潮;西裔化;美國總統大選;Miami;the waves of Cuba immigration;Hispanization;the United States Presidential Elections|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:47:59 (UTC+8)|
Since the victory of the Castro’s Revolution in 1959, the Cuban people increased their immigration to the United States; we call it “the waves of immigration from Cuba”. This thesis studies the Miami Cuban and their influence to the United States of America. During 1959 to 1994 there were four waves of Cuban immigration, they’ve been called the exiles first, refugees and balseros later. From their name you can distinguish their quality, their social background and the relations between both countries. This four waves of immigration happened towards the United States because of the geographic position between Cuba and the USA which motivates the immigrates to move to Florida, especially Miami, and this is characterized as the city with major Cuban concentration. The influence of the Cuban-American increases everyday, and even the American Government has named the street of Miami “Calle Ocho” as the Cuban community, also called the “Little Havana”.
The Miami-Cuban influence owes not only to their population majority in Miami, they have been considered too the major cause of the change in Miami’s population ethnicity and the city style forever. Miami is the city with deepest “Hispanization” in the United States and the Cuban people is the major force there. They have become an important variety to Florida’s political elections. Mayor of Miami City and the Head of the Police Station in Miami, etc, are American-Cubans. Besides, as the Miami-Cuban society is a product of the USA and Cuban political enmity, the Cuban-American care more about politics than other races in the United States. They are the second biggest economic lobby group in the American political circle, and half of the Senator of Florida has been Cuban-American. They have also turned out to be the vital minority for the winning of the Presidential Election in the last two terms.
Since the 1960’s the Cuban-American came to the United States escaping from the left-wing Castro Regime, and the different attitude of the two major parties toward Cuban issues, they have tended to support the Republican. Nevertheless, the competition between the Democratic and Republican Parties has been very close in recent years, considering the Cuban voters, both parties have been more compromising about the Cuban’s illegal immigration and the economic blockade and so on. In the 2000 Presidential election, while the Cuban American and the USA citizen in general showed different attitude about Cuban issue, they seemed to be the decisive force. And then these parties are still more flexible towards the Cuban American. Will these two parties still try to satisfy the American Cuban people and will the American Cuban people be the decisive voters again for the 2008 presidential election? That’s why this thesis intends to analyze the Cuban voting behavior from an inside-out perspective, to discover who the American Cuban voters prefer and to see their influence to the United States Presidential Elections.