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|Other Titles: ||The monitoring of transparency international to the corruption of Mexican government(2001-2005)|
|Authors: ||謝伯和;Hsieh, Po-ho|
|Keywords: ||貪腐;國際透明組織;革命建制黨;墨西哥;Corruption;Transparency International;Institutional Revolutionary Party;Mexico|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:47:45 (UTC+8)|
The phenomenon of corruption was born from the mankind and generally exists all the time so far, the undeveloped country no matter in already developing the country, developing, the bad habit of corruption is still corroding the country and social resource constantly. The persons who abuse power and hire out power in order to exchange for a large amount of wealth, that bring will influence every sector of society, especially for the people of the lower sector, so the impact of corruption is more harmful than the danger of the natural disasters.
Transparency International was founded in 1993, is the world''s only dedicated to combating corruption non-governmental organizations. Transparency International since 1995, according to the investigation result of various kinds of corruption, built a country for the evaluation object Corruption Perception Index, after years, it has become the world''s most widely used to measure the corruption situation in socio-economic indicators. Besides Corruption Perception Index, Transparency International in 1999 first published Bribe Payers Index, is the measurement of transnational corporations with the industry an important index of the extent of bribery. In addition, Global Corruption Barometer is a cross-national opinion poll, the results of a survey to understand each country in various organs and departments, the extent of corruption.
Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled Mexico 71 years, a lot of power for a long time the issue of corruption, from the President to the police, are using power to extract hard-earned money of the people. President Fox took office in 2000, immediately after he took office from his efforts to combat corruption, and outgoing when scandals involving corruption.
Even he came from National Action Party, also fell into the last six years of PRI''s corruption and anti-corruption cycle.
Transparency International set up branches in Mexico in 1999, two years after the establishment of these efforts, finally in 2001 developed a supervision tool for corrupt Mexican government, this is “The National Survey on Corruption and Good Governance” and This nationwide survey revealed corruption in public institutions index and a corruption index of the state government. In addition, by Transparency International and the Mexican federal government co-operation, understanding the effectiveness of Integrity Pact.
|Appears in Collections:||[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文|
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