本論文說明90年代西班牙經濟國際化與拉丁美洲之關係，特別是阿根廷。上世紀末期，大量的西班牙資金流入阿根廷的時候，兩國經濟正歷經結構性的變革。 西班牙結構性改革之執行主要是源自於加入歐洲共同體(1993年後簡稱為歐盟)、共同的貨幣體系以及隨著結構深化的過程，歐盟漸漸獲得西國內部市場控制權，包括電信、能源等市場。 阿根廷在梅南政府時期的改革則是由於「華盛頓共識」的倡議。其中，對阿根廷經濟主要的影響為民營化、國家准許開放外資以及政府在管制產業中減少干涉。 My thesis explains the internationalization of the Spanish economy relating to Latin America during the 90th decade. It specially studies the Argentina case. During the last decade, the massive Spanish capital arriving to Argentina, temporally coincide with the structural economical changes in Spain and Argentina. The structural reforms in Spain derive from the incorporation of the country to the European Community and to the shared monetary system, as well as from the process of going deeply in the schemes that allow the European Union to get a certain degree of control over the Spanish interior markets, including the telecommunications, the energy and others. The Argentina’s reforms, under Menem rule, where promoted by the so called “Consensus of Washington”. Privatization, the official permission to allow foreigner capital accounts and a new policy of less government’s intervention in the control of the sectors, where especially important factors for the economy of the country.