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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30571

    Title: 從建構主義觀點論中共「和諧世界」外交政策
    Other Titles: China's "harmonious world" foreign policy: a constructivism analysis
    Authors: 鄒湘明;Tso, Hsiang-ming
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    黃介正;Huang, Alexander Chieh-cheng
    Keywords: 和諧世界;建構主義;和平發展;Peaceful Development;Constructivism;Harmony with the world
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:47:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中共外交政策的形塑向來是其對國內和國際安全環境的認知。中共殷鑒近代歷史,咸認新興國家崛起無不與國內外環境相關,崛起大國凡挑戰世界強權皆以敗北收場,而當霸權國在權力式微時,則以禪讓之勢交出權力予崛起大國;亦體認服膺世界領導者雖將損及國家利益,惟若採對抗立場,必將斲傷國家安全,為改革開放營造有利的國際環境乃成為中共外交的戰略目標。
    By studying the history of the rise and fall of great powers in history, China has learned the lesson that the reasons why the rise and fall of a dominant world great power all have something to do with the domestic and international environments of that specific dominant great power. Any rising powers trying to challenge the world dominant power of that time fail with no exception. Only when the strength of dominant world power starting to decline and is willing to yield its world leadership voluntarily, can the rising power assume the world dominance peacefully. In the mean time, to yield the obedience to the rule of world dominant great power might somehow damage the national interest of the rising power, but confronting the dominant world power would endanger the national security of the rising power.
    Before implementing the opening up and reform policy, Chinese government opposed and criticized the idea of so-call world order comprehensively. However, with the on-going reform and open policy, China changed its attitude toward the world into a more positive and constructive ones and engaged itself with diversified world affairs. The foreign policy concept of “harmony with the world” advanced by Hu Jintao properly signifies the relative strength and privileged position China stands in the world power hierarchy. In the mean time, the idea also signifies that Chinese foreign orientations have changed from staying with low international profile in the 1990s into a more aggressive engagement with world affairs.
    From the constructivist point of view and observing from the achievement of of Chinese foreign policy, China does maintain a good relationship with the rest of the world. And a peaceful, friendly, cooperative foreign environment does help the stability of Chinese government and has met with Chinese national interest. The integration of the idea of harmony with the rest of the world and peaceful development within China will help Chinese government to build long-term Chinese foreign policy fundamentals. Those concepts like “peaceful development, harmony with the world and mutual benefit with other countries of world” are all properly integrated with the norms of the world society today, in which China has demonstrated its sufficient self-confidence and is willing to establish a rich, constructive and responsible image of a great world power. It is for sure that Chinese influence on the world affairs will likely to increase with its rising national powers.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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