|其他題名: ||China's shift on ASEAN security strategy (1978-2007) from Alexander Wendt's constructivism perspective.|
|作者: ||黃裕湄;Hunag, Yu-mei|
|關鍵詞: ||建構主義;溫特;東協;Alexander Wendt;Constructivism;ASEAN|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:47:02 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||論文提要內容： |
The culture formed by “Ego” and “Alter” are the focal points in Alexander Wendt’s Constructivism. The International actors involved in a certain incident can reveal their intentions toward their counterpart through their behaviours, also adjust their identities in order to achieve their goals. China has been developing its relations with ASEAN in a positive way, and has been applying this diplomatic method to the other countries in an attempt to formulate a diplomatic mode, which meets the security needs of all parties. This essay first elaborates the concept of constructivism, and then states the development and changes of China’s security strategy toward ASEAN in Deng Xiao-Ping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Gintao administrations respectively under the constructivism theory. This essay goes further to probe into the culture formed by this interaction, and the identities, interests, and behaviours created under this structure.
My finding is that China has learned and internalized and internalized the concept and rules concerning regional organizations. This has helped to build a friendly relation between China and ASEAN, and in turn benefit both sides. Furthermore, this positive trend fosters the creation of the Kantian culture. Inevitable, China’s overall diplomatic strategy has been shifted by its role as a “friend” that promotes the development and security for Asia and the world, rather than concerning its own interests only.
As the Asia’s biggest power, fitting into ASEAN is one of China’s security strategies, and this strategy has been internalized as the widely discussed ASEAN way. Through constructivism, I learned that it takes long-term interaction to form a culture and become consensus. It is more difficult to change a culture than to change the power distribution. Certain behaviors are encouraged and others are discouraged by set consensus.
Once a mature diplomatic culture and rules are formed, countries would prevent inappropriate or drastic behaviors because they wish to protect their interests and do not want to change the roles they are currently playing. China is only using its friendly relationship with ASEAN to showcase the world that it is a responsible state. However, over the long run, China will have to develop the same positive relations with other countries as expected by the global community.