|其他題名: ||China's energy strategy in the new century|
|作者: ||高士桓;Kao, Shih-huan|
黃介正;Huang, Alexander Chieh-cheng
|關鍵詞: ||能源;能源戰略;能源外交;能源安全;Energy;energy strategy;energy diplomacy;energy safety|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:46:59 (UTC+8)|
The demand of energy for the PRC raises more and more along with its prosperous economic development. Nowadays energy has become the important factor which influences and controls the economic development of PRC, and thus its energy strategy also faces the major transformation. The key of transformation is to figure out two difficult problems. One is to find more sufficient supply of energy for the economic development. The other is to raise the efficiency of energy use and to decrease its waste. Therefore, PRC must transform its strategy for the energy problem. The direction is to take energy saving and efficiency rising as basic national policy, to actively adjust and improve energy structure, and to implement petroleum safety strategy.
In the past recent years, the economic development of PRC has grown with surprising speed, and thus PRC transforms from a self-sufficient energy system to a country which depends on energy import. In order to satisfy the rapidly increasing demand of energy and economic development, recently PRC has searched actively the source of energy supply in the world and invited them join the energy invest to ensure its national energy safety. Thus, under the energy strategy which ensures national energy safety, energy becomes the important counter of international strategy and political diplomacy. In the past recent years, PRC has actively launched the energy diplomacy which combines politics, diplomacy, military and economy, and has pushed the energy cooperation which closely connects to international political and economic situations. It not only influences the relationship of competition and cooperation between the countries which import and export energy in the world, but also re-organizes further the global energy structure.
The demand of energy for the PRC has been growing rapidly along with its economic development,and the future consumptive amount will be very hard to compress.The international representative energy institutions forecasted that in the year 2020, PRC''s demand for petroleum will be doubled its present volume, yet, there are still implied factors which may make this amount to be exceeded by far.Under these circumstances,the import of Petroleum will definitely grow largely.Taiwan is located in an important strategic position,and such special relation between both sides of the Taiwan Strait is also difficult to deal with. Thus,Taiwan''s safety deeply affects the stability and tranquility of this region.In order to seek for the peaceful development in this region,the armaments must be actively reinforced,and ready to respond the possible impact in the future.IF the regional stability is interrupted, that dangerous situation shall not only affect both sides of the Taiwan Strait,but also will certainly influence on the prosperity and development of all other countries in the same region.