During the reign of Jiang Zemin from 1989 to 2004, China changed its traditional military thinking and strategy, after the U.S. ended the first and the second Persian Gulf Wars, and the Kosovo War in a very short time, which brought a transition in military strategy all over the world. In order to face the future war, China spent lots of money in military development, hence the results seen in the change of military thinking, innovation of strategy and tactics, research in weapons and the development in technology and aerospace. Jiang''s military thinking was formed under these conditions.
China''s Liberation Army decides its training principles according to the environment in different times. For example, the training focused on how to win a regional war under the condition of high technology in 1993; on “Two Changes” in 1995; on “Technological Exercise” in 1997. In 1997 and 2003, China learned the lessons from Kosovo War and the second Persian Gulf War and applied them to the annual training assessments in every military branch, then extending to each unit for exercise, examining the results and reinforcing the exercise of “New Three Attacks and Three Defenses”. Furthermore, to deal with the U.S. forces, which may intervene in Taiwan issue, the Liberation Army established four basic principles for the preparation of the future war against the U.S.: “Strike the unmanned airplane first and then the manned airplane”; “Guard against precision guidance weapons and then cruise missiles”; “Strike the early warning aircraft first and then carrier battle group”; “Strike the invisible aircraft first and then the bomber aircraft”.
This thesis focus on the discussion about China’s ability of military exercise towards Taiwan during Jiang''s reign, and predicts how the Liberation Army will handle Taiwan issue with its military forces.
Chapter One discusses motivation and purpose, scope and limitations, and method and structure. The vocabulary words in military strategy are defined, and the research papers on military exercise towards Taiwan are reviewed in this chapter as well. Chapter Two elaborates the formation of military strategic thinking during Jiang''s period and the reasons why it changed. Chapter Three analyzes China’s military maneuver. Chapter Four compared the tactics and the changes based on the united military exercises from 1995 to 1996. Chapter Five discusses the exercises near Dongshan Island: the information operation, the joint army, navy and air force amphibious landing operation, and simulating the invasion when US interfere in Taiwan issue. Chapter Six concludes the thesis.
In general, China''s strategy against Taiwan can be divided into three dimensions: First, the completion of its military forces against Taiwan in all areas before 2007. Second, the ability to engage in a large-scale war before 2010. Third, the capability to win any type of war in a short time before 2010. Based on these dimensions, we can find that China is approaching its goals over the years after examining the Liberation Army''s military exercise towards Taiwan. While the relation between China and Taiwan is not clear, and the U.S. and Japan have not promised anything on military issues, it is recommended that our nation be prepared for the future war and get ready to engage at any time.