|其他題名: ||The study of Chinese strategic psychological warfare development|
|作者: ||郭念劬;Kuo, Nien-chu|
|關鍵詞: ||戰略;心理戰;戰略心理戰;威懾;Strategy;PSYOP;strategic PSYOP;deterrence|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:46:43 (UTC+8)|
At the end of 1970s, China implemented an open reform policy and began to explore quite a few of foreign military psychological operations (PSYOP) in theory and efforts. In the beginning, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) adopted PSYOP efforts from foreign military and developed its PSYOP concept with Chinese characteristics by the direction of Marx, Lenin and Mao Zedong’s thought as well as the concluded experiences and teachings learned from wars. After the Gulf War in 1991, China figured out the strategic role and function of PSYOP played in a war. Therefore, the PLA focused on the integration of both military strike and PSYOP and the control and application of the media. In addition, the PLA actively conducted the research and development of strategic PSYOP characterized with coercion.
Taiwan issue has been a national security problem that China concerns the most. In recent years, the Communist China stressed to deal with Taiwan issue by peaceful way. To avoid arms conflict resulted in the interference of the U.S. and even trigger military confrontation with the U.S., China tended to apply its national “soft power” to tackle Taiwan issue. At the present stage, the use of arms is still an option of China’s tactics to Taiwan, but strategic PSYOP is, in fact, the best strategy. According to its current development and situation, China has gradually entered to concrete efforts such as genuine exercise and implementation from theoretical investigation and its comprehensive development and future PSYOP capability cannot be neglected. Based on the threat of our national existence and security, the strategy of China’s strategic PSYOP is also worth our concern and attention.
This study centers with China’s national security and interest. From China’s definition to strategic PSYOP to the origin and development background of strategic PSYOP thought, this thesis also deals with the research of strategic PSYOP in theory, shapes its theoretical framework and probes into its possible strategic PSYOP tactics to Taiwan in accordance with strategic PSYOP development and the thinking of strategic PSYOP strategy. I expect that this thesis can provide Taiwan’s National Defense Department with reference for policy formulation and successive research in the future.