At present, the public administration in Mainland China region is still based on an unparalleled authority control system. It is unable to form an effective supervision mechanism between public affairs departments. Because the administrative power lacks of proper balance, corruption problem is becoming a fuse of high rank officer’s conflicts for struggling power inside Communist Party. The emerging trend of pursuing money and corruption phenomenon has become a major obstacle of economic revolution in China. Although Taiwan is better than Mainland China on the performance of anti-corruption, but only surpasses South Korea in the 4 Asia Little Dragons. This situation has fairly illustrated that the efforts spent on anti-corruption in Taiwan area can not promote the performance index on the international assessment.
This thesis will aim at the comparison research on the anti-corruption analysis and problems between the both sides of Taiwan Strait and take the Unobtrusive Research as methodology to compare each other from history in the theme objects, especially concerning the principles of legislation origin, development and migration. It is expected to discover the key points of problems from the comparison of historic records. In addition, this thesis will adopt document analysis methods as auxiliary tool to compare the similarities and differences of each other''s systems from economy, politics and culture, and sum up the advantages and disadvantages and feasible suggestions for conducting policy decision reference. The contents of this thesis mainly cover the theory, organization, authority, recovery and supervision of anti corruption system. The subjects will be separately researched including introduction, conclusion and suggestion. This thesis is divided into seven chapter altogether. Every chapter or section will integrate the thoughts and comparative results, and raise personal opinions.
1.Comparing the organizational system and legislation origin of anti corruption at the both sides of Taiwan Strait: taking the basis theories of anti corruption system as key points, it researches the past history and development of the organizational system, including social and economic factors, political backgrounds etc., and then, it detailing explains the legislation origin, contents and characteristics. At last, it analyzes the causes of the formation and positive and negative effects of anti corruption from corruption theory.
2.Comparing the designation of anti corruption organization at the both sides of Taiwan Strait: taking the designation of anti corruption organization as key points, it accomplishes the basic comparison only through the information retrieved from internet or consulting channels due to the confinements and difficulties of collecting relevant information on the staff recruitment, training and budget of anti corruption organization at the both sides of Taiwan Strait.
3.Comparing the working authority of anti corruption at the both sides of Taiwan Strait: taking the working authority of anti corruption as key points, it researches the sunshine legislation including administrative authority and administrative projects, property declaration and interests conflicts avoiding etc. then analyze the measures of administrative direction and people’s participation.
4.Comparing the recovery measures of anti corruption at the both sides of Taiwan Strait: Proper recovery channel is an important condition to safeguard human right. Taking the recovery measures of anti corruption as key points, it analyzes the law foundations of administrative recovery. Then, it introduces the administrative recovery legal source and stands. At last, it roughly compares the recovery measures including complaint handling, appeal procedures, adminstrative litigation, lobbying system and national compensation etc.
5.Comparing the supervision and assessment of anti corruption at the both sides of Taiwan Strait: taking the supervision and assessment of anti corruption as key points, it deeply analyzes and compares the inside supervision, outside supervision, inside assessment and outside assessment at the both sides of Taiwan Strait.