Prior to 2002, the People''s Liberation Army (PLA) had never undertaken joint exercises with foreign forces, and no foreign troops had yet set foot on China’s soil. PLA opposed to the idea of joint exercises, denoting it as a form of military alliance. The first PLA exercise with a foreign force was a joint anti-terror exercise with the troops of the Republic of Kirghiz, which was conducted on October 10th, 2002 at the borders between the two countries. Since then, the PLA has engaged in diplomatic endeavors to improve China’s relations with neighboring countries through military exchanges, which manifest in its joint exercises with foreign forces.
This thesis analyzes the embedded factors of the PLA joint exercises with foreign forces. Using the CCP Military Council as the central framework of hypothesis, the author found that the influence of the PLA joint exercises could be divided into two types of factors.
The first is the objective factors, which includes China’s attempts to challenge the mono-lateral hegemony of the United States, and to connect with the “War on Terror” by convenience.
The second is the subjective factors, including: the proactive initiative for military diplomacy, the growingly younger PLA leaderships, and the influence of modern thoughts.
In this light, the author further discusses the implementation of PLA joint exercise policy on three dimensions: diplomatic expansion, economical safeguards and military development.
After accumulating the data of military exercises, the research allocates the effect that the PLA obtains through the conventional security exercises and non-conventional security exercises. In final part of the research, the conclusion echoes with the three assumptions and highlights four key points for future research directions.