In order to probe into the role, status and action of the People’s Liberation Army in the rise of China totally, this thesis describes and analyzes rise of china and the role, status and action of PLA in rise of China from the foundation among history of western powers’ rise, China’s historical tradition and politics peculiarity of the Communist Party of China. Then this thesis continues to probe into the rise route of China, the civil-military relations of China, the view of PLA on each important issue in rise of china, and the PLA’s military capability, completes the comprehensive studying about the PLA’s role, status and action in rise of China.
Motive power of China’s rise comes from not only the response to threats and interests, but also attempting to take past honor and tradition of China’s being empire core again. This does not deviate from the history of the western powers’ rise. But history of China’s rise could not be defined only with definition comes from the western powers’ rise. Be restricted by the deficiency of China’s national power in being and the conditions of modern strategic environment, ways of China’s rise depends on so far are all peaceful methods. In slogans as “peaceful rise” “high-power diplomacy” “good-neighborliness diplomacy,” China is rising continuously with progressive, non- positive and nonzero-sum methods under China leaders’ strong and continuing will. On the backing of enormous territory and population scale, and the economy growing up constantly, China expands its influence by participating in international community under the gradually “socialized“ look. China’s rising does not depend on allying with other powers to make free-ride, but bases on its own scale advantage and geographical position to rise among the power vacuum which is between powers in the post-Cold War Era. Besides, China still has the problem of separation and separatism. It makes China be unable to concentrate full capacities on competing with other powers. China still can’t own these necessary conditions of rising: maximizing territory, population and resource to aggrandize national power, and making national goals to focus on rise. China still must regard solving the division problem as the most important strategic issue. However, it is possible that the rise way of China will change in the future. It can''t be ignored that China will try to obtain more power by using military means that seems to be able to controlled not to escalate to great war. It can’t be ignored that increase of PLA''s capability will augment the possibility that China makes a reckless move as well. Rise of China creates revolutionary challenge to status quo of power, as well as rise of the western powers. China’s strategic goals developing constantly and China’s keeping memory for the past honor, will result in other countries’ threatened sense continuously.
In such rising route of China, the PLA has been tools and policy-making participant more than being sharer of political power. But for establishing authority and consolidating their status, the leaders of CCP still must fully perceive the PLA’s purpose and try to meet the PLA’s request to continue controlling military and maintaining symbiosis of party and military. The PLA is still the pillar of the CCP regime. The PLA which has learned to take prudent attitude toward politics from the experience in political struggle in the past already had been the auxiliary of politics stability in China. The PLA is the extreme reflection of China''s historical tradition and the CCP’s political speciality. The PLA supports the CCP’s feudalism politics and exclusivism ideology, owns the most conservative nationalism and conservatism position, and keeps the views of hawks and policy suggestion of inclining to use military force most. But the sustained progression of the PLA''s capability makes the CCP have sense of safety of a certain degree, makes the CCP have the will to adopt more peaceful and less-bluster routes of competition, and prevents the CCP from adopting preemption strategy to resolve China’s crisis awareness. The PLA has offered the prospect that China will become a complete power. In China’s participating in international affairs more and more actively, the PLA has becomes assets of rising China day by day, and China’s positive participation in international affairs is becoming an important chance that the PLA observes and contacts with the world. China’s rise and associating with world generally, is the thrust of promoting the PLA’s modernization and military-industrial system’s interests by arms deals. Finally, this thesis offers predictions and suggestions of facing the PLA''s role, status and action in rise of China.