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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30541

    Title: 反恐時代美國外交政策之研究
    Other Titles: A study of U.S. foreign policy at the age of counterterrorism
    Authors: 陳育晏;Chen, Yu-yen
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    張京育;Chang, King-yun
    Keywords: 九一一事件;恐怖主義;外交政策;國家利益;911 event;terrorism;foreign policy;national interests
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:45:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 美國外交政策的制定通常是以其國家利益為最主要的考量,美國所關注的主要利益分為兩個方面,第一,防止美國本土與人民遭受攻擊,這是最首要也最被一致認可的利益。第二,維持國家重要基礎設施的安全與國家機制的運行。美國為了確保國家生存發展的利益不受損害,在九一一事件後重新將心力關注於防堵恐怖主義在世界各地蔓延,阻止恐怖分子再次攻擊美國,並以更加強硬和保守的態度追求美國的國家利益。布希總統深信,憑藉著美國強大的軍事優勢,世界上沒有任何國家膽敢和美國作對,同時美國也為國際社會提供一個安全發展的環境。
    The formulation of U.S. foreign policy usually takes its national interests as the main consideration. The national interests divides into two aspects: First, to prevent the U.S. territory and the people from any attack, which is the most important and commonly agreed unanimous. Second, to maintain the security of national infrastructure and the operation of governmental mechanism. For the sake of assuring the vital national interests, the U.S. concentrates its effort to prevent, defeat and contain the inrush of terrorism, and to seek national interests by taking the tougher and more assertive attitude after the 911 event. President Bush deeply believes that by means of military superiority, no country in the world will dare to oppose the U.S.. Simultaneously, the U.S. also provides a safe environment for the international society.
    The U.S. usually uses the “stick and carrot”method to execute its foreign policy. On the one hand the U.S. adopts a hard way to protect national interests, and on the other the U.S. uses the standard of idealism to promote the American values around the world. The U.S. does not encounter much difficulty in the European and Asian allies, but in the Middle East, the U.S. has faced with resistance in the Muslim world. For this reason, the Bush administration has drawn up the roadmap for the Middle East peace and supports the Palestinians to build up an independent in order to country to earn the Islamic collaboration in the counterterrorism actions, reduce the terrorists’ incentive to attack the U.S., so as to let all Americans live without fear.
    Bush''s diplomatic idea is using the realism as a foundation and using security and commerce as the core. It emphasizes the military alliance and free trade. About the international order maintenance, he prefers to consolidate allies and then to compete with adversaries. As the issues of international peacekeeping duties, humanitarian aids, and overseas military operations, Bush inclines to take “discreet interventionism” as his thought. He thinks that the U.S. should respond to terrorists attacks vigilantly, and in order to keep the U.S. from any threat sometimes unilateral actions are necessary.
    The U.S. will use unrivaled military power to further the global counterterrorism movement and democracy as the core goal of foreign policy. Furthermore, the U.S. hopes that all countries and societies can choose the most advantageous political and economic system to themselves independently, to help those countries which have been used as safe haven by terrorism organizations to get rid of the chaos caused by war and poverty, and to eliminate the hotbeds of terrorism thoroughly.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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