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    Title: 江澤民時期中共的東協外交戰略
    Other Titles: The PRC's foreign strategy on ASEAN in the Jiang Zemin era
    Authors: 梅元光;Mei, Yuan-guang
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    翁明賢;Wong, Ming-hsien
    Keywords: 江澤民;東協外交戰略;社會建構主義;Jiang Zemin;ASEAN;Foreign strategy;New security concept;Alexander Wendt;Constructivism;Anarchy;Security community
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:45:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 冷戰結束促使亞太國家有了進行廣泛合作的機會。此刻中共與
    國際社會的互動比任何一個時期都頻繁,因此,中共國家利益的實
    現已經越來越離不開國際社會。國際社會不僅作為國際戰略博奕的
    舞台,而且約束和建構著國家的一套規則和規範。為此,中共不但
    應對本身進行新的定位,世界亦關注中共未來的走向。
    亞歷山大‧溫特的社會建構主義以「體系論」做為國際關係的
    分析層次,注重國家的社會性及國際體系的決定性作用,強調國際
    體系的架構是主體性的。其架構是由共有規範、相互主體間的理念
    和角色構成的。不同的無政府文化賦與國家不同的角色定位。國家
    身份是在互動過程中確立的。因此,國際政治的變化,不僅是物質
    力量的變化,更是一種社會關係的變化。
    本論文發現,江澤民時期的國際體系呈現洛克文化,即在主權
    原則──「承認對方生存權」下將東協視為競爭對手。中共運用政
    治「睦鄰」、安全「和平」及經濟「合作」觀念來建構中共的東協
    外交戰略,透過積極建構周邊地區和平穩定環境,進而對於國際安
    全環境產生觀念之建構作用。其次,發現中共在外交思維上摒棄意
    識形態,倡導「新安全觀」,積極參與、推動國際安全機制,展現
    服膺國際規範及國際制度的約束──減輕對「他國」威脅意圖,並
    以合作安全形式促進和平安全對話,推動有利其國際秩序之外交目
    標。
    The end of the Cold War has facilitated countries in the Asia and Pacific region to have more opportunities to cooperate with one another. At this moment, China’s interaction with the international community has never been more frequent than any other period in the history. That is to say, in order to fulfill national interest, China can no longer stand on the sideline of the international community. The international community not only sets up a stage for global strategies to play out, but also constructs certain regulations and norms for each country to follow. For such cause, China should pinpoint its new position with the world watching where it goes in the future.
    Alexander Wendt proposes a systemic theory as the level of analysis on international relations in his Social Constructivism which emphasizes a country’s societal nature and the determination function of international system. It stresses that the framework of the international system is subjective, composed of shared norms and intersubjective ideas and roles. Different cultures of anarchy endow states with different roles. The identity of a state is established from an interactive process. Therefore, the change of international politics is not only the change of material forces, but the change of a kind of societal relation.
    This paper discovered that the international system in the Jiang Zemin Era shows Lockean culture, that is, under the sovereignty principle – “to admit the right of existence of others” to treat the ASEAN as a rivalry. China applies concepts of political “good-neighborliness”, secured “peace” and economic “cooperation” to construct the PRC’s foreign strategy on ASEAN. It aggressively builds up a steady and peaceful setting around its peripheral regions, and further constructs the idea of international security environment. Secondly, China is found to have abandoned the ideology in its foreign policy by promoting “New Security Concept”. It actively proposes and participates in the international security regimes. Its appearance of following the international norms and accepting the restraint of international institutions has alleviated its threatening image to other states. China also cooperates in the security agenda and promotes peace and security dialogue so as to move forward an international order that is beneficial to its diplomatic goal.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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