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    题名: 中共空軍航空兵現代化1993-2008
    其它题名: Pla air force aviation corps under modernization
    作者: 李柏彥;Lee, Po-yen
    贡献者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    林中斌;Lin, Chong-pin
    关键词: 解放軍;中國軍事現代化;空軍;空權;People’s Liberation Army;China’s Military Modernization;Air Force;air power
    日期: 2008
    上传时间: 2010-01-10 23:44:55 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 自從航空兵器誕生以來,戰爭的空間便從二維轉向三維。1903年,萊特兄弟發明飛機後,由於飛機擁有起飛簡單、操縱方便、速度快、機動性好的優點,使航空兵器邁向一個新的突破。第一次世界大戰結束,獨特的空權思想開始蓬勃發展。此時,空權思想家紛紛倡導應將航空兵器組成獨立空軍。藉由戰略轟炸,空軍將可以獨立贏得戰爭。
      1950年,中共空軍航空兵正式建立。然而,由於受到毛澤東軍事戰略及蘇聯軍事理論影響,中共空軍航空兵的作戰任務主要是進行國土防空及支援陸軍作戰。1950-60年代,中共空軍航空兵在蘇聯協助下曾經迅速發展。然而,隨著中蘇關係決裂及文化大革命爆發,中共空軍航空兵的發展也急轉直下。中共空軍航空兵落後的發展情況,一直要到鄧小平上台後才開始進行改革。
      1993年,中共受到美軍第一次波灣戰爭的剌激,提出「高技術條件下的局部戰爭」軍事戰略。1999年,中共受到科索沃戰爭的啟示,提出「攻防兼備」空軍戰略。在此情形下,中共空軍航空兵的作戰任務正式轉向戰略轟炸。在銳意改革的情況之下,中共空軍航空兵不論是武器發展、飛行訓練、部隊結構、後勤支援,甚至是兵力部署,都已經有相當明顯的進步。經過和美國及俄國空軍航空兵進行比較,可以發現中共空軍航空兵並非只是單純隨著時間進步,而是迅速追趕的速度拉近甚至追平世界水準。
    Since the aviation weapons came into the world, the type of the war developed from two to three dimensions. In 1903, the invention of aircraft made a breakthrough on aviation weapons for its high speed, mobility and advantages of easy-to-take -off and easy-to-control.
    After the end of World WarⅠ, specific air power thought began to develop vigorously. At that time, air power thinkers advocated to set up independent Air Force. By the use of Strategic Bomb, the Air Force can win the war independently.
    In 1950, PLA Air Force Aviation Corps was set up formally. Affected by Mao’s military strategy and Soviet military theory, the main mission of PLA Air Force Aviation Corps was merely to defend their territorial air space and to help the Army to fight. In 1950s and 1960s, the PLA Air Force Aviation Corps once developed rapidly under the assistance of the Soviet. However, as the Sino-Soviet relation became worse and as the Culture Revolution broke out, the development of the PLA Air Force paused. Not until China went into Deng era did the PLA Air Force Aviation Corps start to reform.
    In 1993, stimulated by the Gulf War of U.S. Army, China proposed the military strategy of “Limited War under High-tech Conditions”. In 1999, inspired by the Kosovo War, China once again advanced the Air Force’s strategy of “Both Offensive and Defense Operations”. Under the eagerness to reform, PLA Air Force Aviation Corps has obviously huge process in weapon development, flight training, unit structure, logistic support and even strength deployment. From the comparison with U.S. and Russia, we can get a conclusion: PLA Air Force Aviation Corps is no more catch up other nations passively by time, but paralleling the world level amazingly.
    显示于类别:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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