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|Other Titles: ||The studies of strategic thinking towards China under Bush administration (2001-2008)|
|Authors: ||連雅梅;Lien, Ya-mei|
|Keywords: ||小布希政府;戰略思維;National security;National Strategy|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:44:01 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||2001年小布希（George W. Bush）任職後，認為柯林頓政府過於強調全球化與民主化、經濟與人道議題，尤其視中共為「戰略伙伴」關係，而忽略了聯盟關係，因此規劃一系列不同於柯林頓政府的新方案。在外交政策上很明顯的表現與柯林頓時期不同的作風，雙方關係尤其在中美軍機擦撞事件後更是雪上加霜。|
Believing that the Clinton government had neglected the relations with the alliance countries due to over-emphasis on the issues of globalization, democratization, economics and humanism and the “strategic relation” with China, George W. Bush launched a series of new policies which highly differ from the ones of Clinton government after his inauguration in 2001, especially on diplomatic policy. As a consequence, the relation between the US and China went worse, particularly after the US-China spy plane incident.
The attack on the 11 of September caused a rapid change on the national security strategy of the US. The US abandoned the “hold-back” and “intimidation” thoughts of the Cold War and decided to “take the first action”, which means to strike the potential enemy judged by the US unilaterally. Under the structure of the global anti-terrorism strategy, the US needed the support and cooperation of China to fight against the international terrorism. Thus the Bush government changed its policies toward China and started to build the rewarding relations with China actively. Besides, with the emerging power of China, the Bush government had to take the China issue seriously and amend its China strategy.
In Bush’s second term, his diplomatic policies still focus on anti-terrorism and the preventing the expansion of Weapon of Mass Destruction. However, with the moderation of the war on terrorism and the situation in Iraq, the diplomatic focus has gradually turned back to the China relation. Furthermore, the more important role China is taking in the world has brought challenge and pressure to the Bush government. It has to find a balance on the interest and the responsibility that China is sharing and make China not just the partner of anti-terrorism but also the power of the regional stability.
The strategic relation between the US and China is composed by cooperation and competition and is actually a complicated mix of these two components. We can see that the Bush government has built more trustworthy relation with China in the second term and that is probably because the Bush government has considered this action the best practice for the US. This change leads us to the difference of George Bush’s China strategy in his two terms.
|Appears in Collections:||[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文|
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