The national defense forces of People’s Republic of China can be divided into three parts: People''s Liberation Army, People’s armed police of China, and Militia. In the connotation of the reserved armed forces of People’s Republic of China, despite of the reserve service and military training of students, the most important part is “militia”, of which process of existence and development is still regulated by the revolution in military affairs of the entire international environment and the military strategic targets, just like People''s Liberation Army. In addition, the trend of mobilization of reserved armed forces is also adjusting.
Militia is based on the insistence that Communist Party of China controls the military forces politically, traditional thinking of people’s war, consistence in peaceful time and wartime, and the organic form of integration of labors and forces. Besides, it is regulated by the law that ”militia should combine with the reserved armed forces ”,especially changed by the military thinking and the plans of establishing arm force of the leaders of Communist Party of China. Its role is just followed by the 36th clause of “Military Service Law ” of Communist Party of China, which is “Militia is the People’s armed organization with production, and it is the assistant and reserved forces of People''s Liberation Army. ”
After the reform and opening-up since 1978, China’s military actions followed whole economic situation. Facing the severe change and charge of politics, society and economy, Communist Party of China has to solve the tests of need after those change. Though China’s military actions should follow whole economic situation after the reform and opening-up, until today, the military armed forces of People’s Republic of China will face the charge of the third style of war and the pressure of time under the change of the revolution in military affairs by itself, and those above are severer than the issues of politics, society and economy.
Militia is combined with people and armed forces, and it is expected to reply to related need and test. However, the difficulties are that militia will be affected by the charge and influence of the reform and opening-up in the system, such as the problems of organizations and affairs of management, quality and profession-oriented, funds and legal protection, and set-up of roles and training. Those are China will face when it looks forward the future and chooses the direction of development.