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    Title: 美國對中共安全戰略之分析 : 以小布希時期為例
    Other Titles: The analysis of U.S. security strategy on China : the era of George W. Bush
    Authors: 黃家文;Huang, Chia-wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    王崑義;Wang, Kun-yi
    Keywords: 安全戰略;Administration of Bush;Policy toward China;Security strategy
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:43:28 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歐洲在冷戰結束後,呈現安全穩定發展的局面,反觀亞洲因中共國力竄升與北
    韓核武危機等新威脅,不但影響東亞區域的平衡穩定,而且也衝擊到美國的國家利
    益,迫使美國必須對中共安全戰略作出因應調整,持續維持美國在世界的領導地位。

    近21世紀亞太地區經貿快速發展,成為美國國家利益的重要區域,在區域情勢
    未見明顯改善的情況下,美國小布希政府(George W.Bush)大規模的改變自二戰後的
    海外軍事部署,大幅增強亞太地區軍力配置,此舉勢將對區域安全造成重大影響,
    其目的則為嚇阻對美國霸權地位的挑戰,並為可能發生的軍事衝突預作準備。對區
    域安全的影響為增強對中共的防範戰略,提昇美日同盟關係層次,並對區域衝突較
    敏感地帶,增強其掌控之能力,以維持區域安全與秩序,並確保美國之國家利益。

    自「九一一事件」發生後,美國對其安全戰略作了重大的轉變。其東亞安全戰
    略的建構中,面對不同威脅來源與挑戰,針對「國家安全戰略」與「區域安全戰略」
    作了調整與強化。美國認知「中共崛起」造成東亞區域失衡,為圍堵中共勢力的擴
    張,美國將繼續強化其東亞戰略與軍事同盟關係,藉以掌握東亞地區軍事與安全的
    主導權。並且為維持台海穩定與東亞利益,美國將持續明確認定「一個中國」之政
    治立場,希望台海維持現狀,避免軍事衝突的發生。

    美、中兩國在亞太地的利益有重疊處,也有衝突點,而兩國關係攸關東亞地區
    安全是否得以維繫。隨著中共綜合國力的提升,其戰略格局已轉變為具有能力設計
    與主動引導多邊角色的扮演。由於美國亞太軍力部署調整僅在初期階段,爾後勢必
    會持續受到內外部環境交錯影響而產生變化,值得持續關注與研究。
    After cold war, the Europe develops safely and steadily. But in Asia, the
    unprecedented threats from the arisen PRC national power and North Korea nculear
    weapon’s crisis affect the balance and steady of the East Asia,also pose great
    influence to the US interests. Thus,the US is forced to make certain adjustments
    on the PRC security strategy for dealing with those aforementioned issues in
    order to maintain its leading status in the world.

    The Asia-Pacific region rapid economic development has become important areas
    of US national interests in the 21st century. At the regional situation has
    not significantly changed,the US Bush administration (George W. Bush) massive
    changes overseas military deployment since the end of World War II, significantly
    enhancing the strength of the Asia-Pacific region. This will form the regional
    security implications, the aim was to deter challenges to US hegemony and the
    possibility of military conflict to prepare for. The impact on regional security
    enhanced hedge strategies to China, enhanced US-Japan alliance level, and
    strengthening regional conflict-control capability in order to maintain regional
    security and order, to ensure the national interests of the United States.

    Post“September 11,terrorist attack”,the US made significant changes on its
    security strategies. The US adjusted and strengthened its national and regional
    security strategies on East Asia security strategy construction and different
    threat resources and challenge. The US believes that China’s rise may disrupt
    the balance of power in the region, and the US will continue to contain China
    by strengthening its strategic and military alliance. To gain domination over
    security issues, achieve the most national interests, and avoid military
    conflict, the US will maintain its clear“One China”policy.

    Both the United States and People’s Republic of China share mutual interests
    and conflicts in the Asia-Pacific region. The relationship between the two
    countries contributes to the security of the East-Pacific region.As China’s
    overall national strength increase, it will play a more active role in the
    Multi-nation affairs of the region in the future.Due to the US Asia-Pacific
    Military deployment realignment only in the initial stages and then continued
    to be staggered impact of the external and internal environment changed; it
    deserved of deep concern and continued research.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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