Since 1978, the Chinese Communist Party（CCP）decided to make the “reform and openness” economic policy in Mainland China. Today, more than 20 years high-degree economic growth drives the China’s comprehensive national power into a huge enlargement that we have never seen before. Because of the CCP still not gives up the “one-party oligarchy” political system yet, and its notorious human right records, most people in the world are worried about a rising non-democratic communist great power rising in the east Asia. Of course, the CCP itself understands a rising China will make the international community uneasy; therefore, they promote the “peaceful rising” thesis/strategy.
The first part of this research is to analyze the theoretical implications of the “peaceful rising” thesis, I do this work from four theoretical perspectives: international system, (neo)-realism, hegemonic stability thesis, and the “China threat” thesis. Second, I research the background of the “peaceful rising” thesis by mean of China’s domestic politics, economic growth, military-security environment, and the subjective intentions of the CCP leaders. Third I describe the practical performance and its influence to international politics on the promotion of the CCP’s “peaceful rising” strategy, especially in the impact on Taiwan national security.
According to my research, I find the “peaceful rising” strategy certainly have some effect, including: it decreases the negative image of the China as a threat; it helps to construct an amicable international environment; it extends more time to develop economy; and it good for the Chinese people reconstruct national confidence and self-esteem. The strategy certainly to have some influence over international community, therefore we have to watch out the development of this “peaceful rising” strategy.