本論文主張新型態的解放軍在招募的過程中，由一個高標準的軍事教育系統給予 嚴苛的判準與訓練，讓他們的能力不只是在軍事範圍內。首先，本研究將先分析 培養新型態人員的戰略支柱，現代戰爭的本質即是資訊化戰爭。新時代的軍事戰 略指導守則驅使解放軍遵守並服從國家發展戰略，而解放軍培養新型態人員乃是 基於兩個主要理由。本研究的第二部分將聚焦於這些人員培養的過程。所謂良好 的教育有其特色，招募來的人員是受到專業軍事教育系統的訓練，有著一套管理 規則必須遵守，這也是本研究分析的部分之一。新型態人員的智能能力是他們的 特色。最後，本研究將強調在這些人員的評估上，雖然這些人員的開銷，與解放 軍的組織文化引起了一些質疑，在軍事事務上的專業化主義，與超出軍事範圍的 投資發展，都可被視為是解放軍未來在外交交易、軍事介入他國的發展傾向。 This study examines the development of PLA officers since 1995. Derived from the strategic assessments of Military Strategic Guidelines for the New Period, the PLA has started implement Two Transformations as the guiding program of army building in 1995. Implementation of Two Transformations made PLA redefine its ideal type of officers. Called as “new-type military talents”, they are proposed to be more “well-educated” and “technically competent” then their successors.
This thesis argues that new-type officers of the PLA are recruited with high criteria and trained in high standardized education system which aims their military, as well as intellectual proficiencies that enable them to perform in extra-military dimensions. In this study, first, the strategic underpinnings for the development of new-type officers are analyzed. The nature of modern warfare –which is called as “information warfare”, and the strategic thought of the Military Strategic Guidelines for the New Period –that obliged the PLA obey and serve the nation’s development strategy, appear to be major two reasons why the PLA intended to develop new-type officers. The second focus of the study: the process these officers are developed. Since being “well-educated” is defined as the distinctive characteristic of these officers, the sources they are recruited from, the professional military education system they are trained in, as well as the managerial regulations they are bound with are analyzed. The results reveal that new-type officers’ intellectual competence on compound fields is their distinctive feature from their successors. Finally, the emphasis is given to the evaluation of these officers. Although the expenses of these officers and their cohesion to PLA’s organizational culture arouse questions; their enhanced professionalism on military affairs, and diversified skills on extra-military dimensions points toward a beneficial development which could also be seen in PLA’s ongoing trends of diplomatic exchanges and military involvement with other countries.