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    題名: 國民政府在中日戰爭期間心理戰略之研究(1937-1945)
    其他題名: The study on the psychological strategy of Nanjing government in the Sino-Japanese war
    作者: 林佑達;Lin, Yo-da
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-chuan
    關鍵詞: 心理戰略;國民政府;中日戰爭;Psychological Strategy;Nanjing Government;the Sino-Japanese War
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:42:08 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 從1937年至1945年,在中國發生了一場大規模的戰爭。僅國民政府一方,就動員了超過一千四百萬人投身軍旅,在中國史上也屬空前。這場戰爭由日本在1937年7月7日於盧溝橋挑起爭端,使中日陷入一場致死方休的戰鬥。日本原希望能夠速戰速決,但淞滬會戰後,國民政府遷都重慶,使日本的企圖破滅。國民政府以長期抗戰做為指導原則,以待國際形勢的變化,使其對國民政府有利。而由於戰爭的延長,使得日本資源左支右絀,而有不敷消耗之感,遂將矛頭指向了東南亞。因此日本對美國作戰,發動太平洋戰爭,使得戰局擴大。國民政府因此不再是單獨對日作戰,而日本則需要應付中國與太平洋兩個戰場。最後日本以失敗收場,國民政府則確保了其生存。
    During the period of 1937 and 1945, the large-scale war occurred in China – Sino-Japanese War. This war is also unprecedented in Chinese Military history - only Nanjing Government mobilized over than 1,400 million people involved in this military actions or related missions. Japan provoked the disputes with Lugou Bridge events (1937/7/7), resulting in this large-scale and unrelenting war. Japan originally expected to end this war in a very short time, but the plan was ruined by Nanjing Government moving the capital from Nanjing to Chongqing after the Battle of Songhu. As for Nanjing government, they prepared the long-term warfare as the highest war-conducting principle, waiting for the variations of international states turning to the Nanjing Government. In addition to that, with extending the war, the consuming resource forced Japan turn to South-East Asian, which made Japan conducted another war against the United States, initiating the Pacific War and enlarged the scale of war. With that, Nanjing Government would not be alone in the war against Japan, but Japan was compelled to disperse its resource to cope with two battlefields of China and Pacific. Last, Japan was defeated, while Nanjing Government was survived from the greatest war.
    This thesis mainly discusses the psychological strategy of Nanjing Government during the Sino-Japanese war - taking the strategic study approach; doing the analysis of actors, power, environment, and actions as the basis understandings; elaborating from three aspects of thought, plan and action.
    This thesis consist five chapters plus extra prolegomena and conclusion. The prolegomena before the text includes the motive, goals, approach, limitations and structure of this study. Then, the conclusion provides some discoveries and suggestions about this subject. Regard with the text, the first chapter introduces the theory and structure of the psychological strategy. The second chapter provides the analysis of the strategic environments, which Nanjing government was faced then. In the third chapter, Chiang Kai-shek’s psychological strategy and the strategic plan of Nanjing government are presented here. As for the forth chapter, the strategic actions of Nanjian government were divided into threes aspects of social-culture, militarization, and propaganda to discuss. Last, the fifth chapter is doing the total assessment of the entire thoughts, plan and action through this period of the war.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文


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