中國謀求與周邊國家改善和發展關係，一方面是自身的經濟發展亟需一個和平穩定的周邊環境，同時還有戰略上的考量。東協國家對中國的經濟崛起及歷史上強大的中國，一向存有敏感而矛盾的心理，一方面擔心中國會像磁石自東協國家吸走外資，另方面又急欲拓展中國廣大的市場。中國藉由「睦鄰友好政策」，近年來與東協陸續簽署的「中國與東協綜合經濟合作架構協定（Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and China）」、「南中國海各方行為準則宣言（Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea）」、「東南亞友好合作條約(The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia)」及「中國–東協戰略夥伴關係聯合宣言(Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity)」，不僅有效降低「中國威脅論」之負面影響，及鄰國對其快速崛起的疑慮，亦藉由經濟合作的巨大利益，強調中國和平崛起（發展）是難得的機遇；對於這樣的趨勢與結果，勢將衝擊美國長期在亞太地區之戰略利益，而日本謀求政治大國之心態及印度積極尋求崛起之企圖，更使後冷戰時期東亞情勢趨於複雜與不確定。
From the point of view of modern geopolitics, China lies at the crossroad between world marine geographical strategic region and Eurasia continental geographical strategic region. The unique strategic position protrudes that China can exert an important influence on the two great strategic regions, and that its security environment is tied to the big powers relationship of the regions at the same time. In addition, in the 20th century only, China had military conflicts with the USA, Soviet Union, Japan, India, Vietnam, South Korea and Taiwan within or near China’s territory; it implies that a war could most likely be taken place within the Chinese territory, but not overseas.
Since Deng Xiaoping, the second generation of leaders of the Chinese Communist Party, headed the administration, China’s national policies have significantly been changed: while they insisted the course toward a “socialism with Chinese characteristics,” they realized the importance of “peace” and “development” in solving the problems among “East-West” and “South-North” relations, they re-established their foreign policy following the “Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence”, and they actively expanded their foreign relations with neighboring countries, especially with the ASEAN countries.
It is based on two considerations that China seeks to improve and develop a peaceful and steady relationship with the surrounding countries: for the needs of their own economic development, and for strategic purpose. The ASEAN countries have sensitive and contradictive psychology: on one hand, they are afraid China will be like a magnet siphoning away all of the foreign capitals from the ASEAN countries, and on the other hand, they expect a large Chinese market urgently.
Based on the “Good Neighboring Principle”, China has successfully signed a couple of protocols with the ASEAN countries in recent years, including the “Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and China,” the ”Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea”, “The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia” and the “Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity”. These protocols have not only effectively reduced the negative impression of “China Threat” and the qualm of the neighboring countries to China’s emerging, but also provided enormous opportunities and interests for the neighboring countries through economic cooperation.
The trends and results of the close relations between China and the ASEAN will inevitably generate great impact on the strategic interests of the United States in the Asian-Pacific area, on Japan’s and India’s seeking for big powers in political and economic arena, and furthermore on the more complicated and uncertain situation in east Asia in the post-Cold War era.
The Document Analysis will be used in this thesis to explore the strategic meaning of China’s “Good-Neighboring Principle”, in view of traditional realism and Neo-realism theories, to find out the importance and outcome of the principle in the course of “Peaceful Emerging” of China, and to empirically describe the achievement of the Chinese Communist Party regime, after having abandoned the dogmatic ideology and adapted a practical and realistic approach to achieve the goal of peaceful emerging.