1.In light of the current international situations, South China Sea, Korean Peninsula and the Taiwan Strait are considered as three major hot spots in Asia-Pacific. From the perspective of geopolitical strategy, Taiwan locates at the center of the first island chain of West Pacific, in the way of China’s entrance to the Pacific. The interests of the US and China overlap on this island, which falls the target of world powers. At this location, Taiwan faces China’s political, economic, and military threats directly without buffer. Despite plans for confidence building mechanisms across the Strait, Taiwan and China have had limited progress in this regard. The security over the Taiwan Strait is crucial to the regional peace in Asia-Pacific. Building military confidence across the Strait is aligned with the interests of both sides and beneficial to regional peace and stability.
2.Having analyzed the 46 measures for confidence buildup with the following criteria— ideology, confidentiality, security, humanitarianism, and bilateral interests— 10 measures are considered the most practical :
- releasing national defense reports on a regular basis;
- releasing information sheets of annual military exercises on a regular basis;
- making public promotion lists
- organizing academic seminars and exchanges on national defense;
- signing agreements on joint rescue,
- signing agreements forbidding fighter planes from crossing the middle line of the Taiwan Strait,
- signing codes of conduct for the air miss of fighters,
- signing codes of conduct for the approach of naval fleets,
- setting up the Taiwan Strait peace zone instead of allowing direct flights, ending the hostility across the strait, and
- signing treaty of mutual non-aggressions.
3.Ideal strategies for building military confidence:
-releasing goodwill by unilaterally implementing transparency;
-basing military academic exchanges on think tanks in the private sectors;
-making breakthroughs in military human resource exchanges through international think tanks;
-signing codes of conduct for naval and aerial actions and allowing direct transportation across the Strait;
- based on humanitarianism, striving for maritime joint rescue;
- ending hostility and signing non-aggression treaty.