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    Title: 全球化下臺灣地緣戰略研究(2000-2008年)
    Other Titles: A study of Taiwan's geostrategy under globalization (2000-2008)
    Authors: 蔡谷明;Tsai, Cu-ming
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    翁明賢;Wong, Ming-hsien
    Keywords: ;
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:41:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 世界從冷戰、後冷戰,到目前全球化的時代,全球的安全議題與安全維護的方式都在改變,如何追尋安全、確保安全、幾乎是每一個國家都必須面對的問題。不同的國家在不同的時空,所面對的對象,都會有不同認知的作法。台灣的國家安全,除受國際格局的變化影響外,最大的威脅來自於中共政權;因此,建立綜合性的安全觀念,乃政府與民間必須具有的共識。
    一個國家在透過經濟、軍事方式來追求其國家利益過程中,必會牽扯或影響其他國家,而伴隨國家間合作與衝突型態之不斷改變,將引起國家決策者調整及修訂對外政策,故國與國之結盟、互動,均是以確保國家安全與維護國家利益為考量,進而促進區域安全。台灣在冷戰時期,美國以軍事戰略利益為考量,在與中共發展關係時又能以《台灣關係法》兼顧台海安全,後冷戰時期,美國為了經濟利益來維持台海區域穩定及權力平衡,並確保台灣不為中共統一,美國的亞太戰略中,為防杜中共以武力侵略其他國家,扼控台海的戰略位置,視台海為東方的直布羅陀海峽,所以台灣的地緣關係已成為美、中間必爭的地緣戰略位置,並且以台灣為中心來觀察亞太地區的安定。
    亞太地區因美國圍阻中共的戰略部署、「和平發展」的動機、軍事利益合作與競逐、台海衝突及美日安保新指針等問題,促使亞太地區各國莫不調整軍事戰略思維並競相擴充軍備,因此,我國要提昇自身的戰略地位及價值,突破現有受限的戰略格局,就必須掌握形成地緣政治的因素,並且充分運用地理優勢避開限制,才能達到維護國家安全與發展的目的。
    台灣在地緣關係上,居於亞洲地區陸、海權勢力重疊地帶、東北亞和東南亞之交會點,尤其為西太平洋重要海空航道的樞紐,既可瞰制東南亞的海上交通,也為扼控日、韓海上交通的要衝,在軍事上,當能有效牽制中共對我及東南亞國家之威脅;在經濟上,我保有台灣海峽之優越形勢與經濟繁榮,可促使鄰邊各國在策定對外經濟政策時,不得不重視我國的地緣關係與戰略價值。
    Global security issues and security-maintaining methods are different in each era from Cold War, Post-Cold War to the present era of Globalization. How to pursue and ensure security is an issue that every nation must cope with. In different time and space or in face of different subjects, a nation may adopt different measures. In addition to international situations, Taiwan’s national security is mostly menaced by the Chinese Communist Regime. Therefore, there should be a consensus over comprehensive security between the government and its people.

    A nation’s pursuit of its interests through economic or military means may definitely involve or influence other nations. The entailed international cooperation and constant changes of the conflict patterns will propel decision makers to adjust and modify their foreign policies. Hence, all state-to-state alliances and interactions are intended with considerations of ensuring national security and maintaining national interests to promote regional security. During the Cold War, the US used Taiwan Relations Act ensure the Cross-Strait security while developing its relationship with PRC for its military strategic interests. During the Post-Cold War, the US maintained stability and balance of power in the Cross-Strait region and ensured Taiwan would not be reunified by PRC in pursuit of economic interests. In its Asia-Pacific strategies, it secured its strategic position in the Cross-Strait and viewed the Strait as the oriental Strait of Gibraltar to prevent PRC from using its military forces to invade other nations. Therefore, Taiwan’s geographical relationship made it a geostrategic position that the US and PRC endeavored to compete for. Both of them observed Asia-Pacific stability around Taiwan.

    In the Asia-Pacific region, issues surrounding the US containment of PRC’s strategic deployment, motivation for “peace development”, cooperation between and competition on military forces, Cross-Strait conflicts, and US-Japan Defense Guidelines have propelled all nations to adjust their military strategic thinking and expand military forces. To elevate our strategic position and value and break through the current constraints, our nation must get hold of all geopolitical factors and make use of our geographical advantages to evade the constraints. Ultimately, we can really achieve the goal of maintaining national security and development.

    In terms of geographical relationship, Taiwan is located at an area where land and sea powers overlap and at the intersection of Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia. It is especially a center of sea and air transport in the west Pacific region. It is able to not only command the sea traffic in Southeast Asia but also control that of Japan and Korea. In military, Taiwan can effectively pin down PRC’s threat to our nation and other nations in Southeast Asia. In economics, the advantages of Taiwan Strait and Taiwan’s economic prosperity will compel neighboring nations to pay attention to our geographical relationship and strategic value when setting up foreign economic policies.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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