台灣的經濟發展是一個值得其他經濟體制仿效的模式，其背後的動力是值得探究的。台灣企業在國際市場嚴酷的競爭中追求生存，歷經了許多個階段。在產業發展的過程裡，政府及企業的良好互動是重要的關鍵。本研究顯示，政府與企業的相互合作與協調賦予台灣發展的動能。政府的教育及技能訓練等政策，有助於企業創造更多的附加價值。 本研究並發現，台灣在產業發展的初期，實獲利於美國的若干貿易保護政策。在發展後期擇引進適當的技術，並結合人力資源，使得像是製鞋業等工商團體提升了生產品質，在國際市場發揮競爭力。雖然台灣製鞋業近年來國內產量大幅下滑，但透過產業外移（特別是到中國及其他亞洲國家），在台的總公司則保留研發活動，維持了台灣在世界貿易上重要的地位。 Taiwan’s economic development is a good model to be emulated by other economies and the forces behind it need to be understood. Taiwan became an important player in the global market where competitiveness is crucial for businesses to survive. Taiwan gained its place after going through several stages, in which many elements come into play. During the stages of industrial development, government and business sectors played very important roles in this true story of success and competitiveness. This study shows how different organizations of government and business sectors were joining with various actors of the Taiwanese economy in a cooperatively harmonious relationship. Government policies such as education and skill trainings were necessary to maintain the momentum of development and satisfy business sector’s desires to create more values and goods in order for Taiwan to become an important global player. The shoe industry was analyzed using a scheme based on the Balance of Power theory to evaluate the effects of government measures of industrial regulations and their interactions with the business sectors. The study found that Taiwan’s government has played an active and important role in industrial development, especially in preparing the way in early stages for industries to take advantage of the U.S. restrictive trade policies and, in later stages, to develop appropriate technologies for such sectors as the shoe industry, combining with human capital to improve quality so as to compete effectively in the global market. Production capacities of Taiwan’s shoe industry has fallen domestically in recent years, but through relocating factories abroad, especially to China and other Asian countries, and keeping headquarters and R&D activities in Taiwan, it is able to sustain important status in the world market.