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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30429

    Title: 從尉繚子的戰略思想解析美國硬權力與軟權力的運用-以第二次波灣戰爭為例
    Other Titles: An analysis of application of American hard power and soft power from the strategic thought of Yu Liao Tzu-take the second Gulf war for example
    Authors: 呂紹江;Lu, Shao-jiang
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-chuan
    Keywords: 智在人為;聰明權力;all actions depend on people’s intelligence;smart power
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:39:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 第二次波灣戰爭在未經聯合國安理會授權下,於2003年3月20日美國飛彈攻擊巴格達,揭開戰爭序幕,美國避開聯合國的框架,尋求戰爭的方式解決伊拉克問題。約瑟夫.奈伊於2004年的著書《軟權力》中提到美國在伊拉克戰爭中展示了軍事實力,推翻了海珊政權,但並未能解除恐佈主義對美國的威脅,而且在軟權力上付出極高的代價,損及美國的國際聲望。
    Shirking the limits of the United Nations, America sought the war way to solve the Iraqi problem. Without being authorized by the United Nations Security, America guided missile attacked Baghdad on March 20 2003, opening the war prelude. From the book, Soft Power, written by Joseph S. Nye Jr. mentions that America couldn’t remove the threat of terrorism, paid the extremely high cost on soft power, and decreased her international reputation. Despite America had showed military strength and overthrow Saddam’s regime during the Iraqi war.
    There are lots of similarities between Yu Liao Tzu and Soft Power. Yu Liao Tzu, was the best book offering methods for those ancient ministers seeking to become an emperor. Like what Joseph S. Nye Jr., the former deputy Minister of Defense, recommending “soft power” for the goal to save the American international influences.
    In Yu Liao Tzu Art of War Chapter 4, it discusses widely, “in warfare, there are those who gain victory through the way; those that gain victory through awesomeness, and those that gain victory through strength.” Using the background of how hard power and soft power that was adapted during the second Persian Gulf War. There are still many thoughts that are worth to analyze step by step.
    With the important strategic thought of Yu Liao Tzu. The main point is to analyze how America well use hard power and soft power during the second the Gulf War.
    In the period of my research, I find that the core of Yu Liao Tzu talks about “all actions depend on people’s intelligence.” It means that what people decide to act all relies on intelligence. “People’s intelligence” is the keyword. Sun Tzu also chose a conductor by “intelligence” because all warfare need is to compare who is more intelligent. Although both of Yu Liao Tzu and Sun Tzu enthrone “intelligence”, there is still a little difference between their thought. When Sun Tzu focuses the single person’s intelligence, Yu Liao Tzu pays more attention on how to make strategies with “intelligence.” Yu Liao Tzu emphasis the importance of making strategies over and over in his thought. Yu Liao Tzu insists that victories in war are achieved by human effort, through one''s action, but not by astrology, auspicious timing and many other superstitious things.
    With the view of Joseph S. Nye Jr., policy which Bush government makes has used “hard power” excessively. Originally, Joseph S. Nye Jr. expects that America can well use its influence to play an important role in the world. Hence, he proposed “soft power” to give a different thinking way for those who come into power. By Joseph S. Nye Jr. theory” if government can use soft power and hard power equally when it comes to diplomatic policy, America will become successful again. ”And this situation is what Joseph S. Nye Jr. calls “smart power”. In this study, we can find that “smart power” has the same essence like Yu Liao Tzu’s core “all actions depend on people’s intelligence.”
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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