本論文在探討中共軍事現代化在陸、海、空軍、二砲部隊等四個軍種的現況及發展趨勢，藉以了解中共解放軍在落實國防現代化整備方向及成果。依據解放軍現階段各方面軍事現代化的成果，研判對我防衛作戰的影響與挑戰；並提供國軍未來因應之道與精進作法等建議。 Deng Xiaoping promoted military modernization and transformation since the early 1980s after the China-Vietnam war. In August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, which triggered the first Gulf war. The U.N. forces, lead by the US, swiftly annihilated the Iraq forces with superior military power. It was a great shock for china and proved it the military modernization program required a new direction. Under the leadership of Jiang Zemin, the PRC promoted “Revolution in Military Affairs”, which is to develop military technology capability and to support military reform with blooming economics.
Hu Jintao suggested two major issues for military modernization as he took over the chairman of Central Military Commission in 2004. Firstly, there is a gap between the level of military modernization and the requirement for winning a local war under informationized conditions. Secondly, uncertainty remains between political works of military and hi-tech information infrastructure.
The thesis focuses on the current status and future development of the Chinese armed forces under the military modernization, so as to understand the achievement of the People’s Liberation Army, especially in the transitional period from Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao. Accordingly, the thesis analyzes the challenges that Taiwan military face today, and submit recommendation for transformation in the future.