Since 1990 to 2005, the U.S. has experienced 3 remarkable wars, and except the war in Afghanistan in 2001, the battlefields were mainly in the Middle East, Iraq. Through the Hi-tech Equipments of the Media, the scenes of war were penetrated into families of the world via TV. , and it seemed that the battlefields were not far away. People’s concern usually focused on the accurate strike of the Hi-Tech weapons, and less concerned about the casualties of the wars and the humanitarian assistances in the battlefield.
Basically, this discourse surveyed the experiences and effects of Civil Affairs Operations of the U.S. Army in the battlefields, in order to figure out how to utilize the strength of the Civil Affairs to support the coming war, to understand what the main point of our Civil Affairs Operation is, and to clarify the differences between our country and the U.S. on the concept of Civil Affairs Operation. In the U.S. Army, the definition of Civil Affairs is as broad as Civil Affairs Operation, to the extent of which is somewhat the same as the common sense of our Civil Affairs service. Meanwhile, the concept of Civil Affairs Operation is interpreted by the U.S. Army as “the civil affairs missions in the operation”. The Civil Military Operation conduct the action of Civil Affairs Operation, and the applicability of former is broader, which can be applied not only to the situations of both peace and war time, but also to foreign and domestic circumstances. The two terms mentioned above are different from the de facto Civil Affairs Service of our country.
Finally, my research discovered that the consistency of the Civil Affairs Operation of the U.S. Army exists in the levels of strategy, operation and tactic. In addition, it always associates with PSYOP. , and such two kinds of operations can not only decrease the casualties, but also help the troops reaching their objects. Secondly, the multi-utilization and flexibility of the Civil Affairs Task Forces benefit not only the reconnaissance in the battlefield, but the reconstruction after the war. Further more, the close connection has established ties among Civil Affairs Task Forces, International Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations, which must have been some lessons for us to learn.