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    Title: 中共「信任建立措施」立場研究
    Other Titles: China on confidence building measures : positions and practices.
    Authors: 林傳盛;Lin, Chuan-sen
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    黃介正;Huang, Alexander Chieh-cheng
    Keywords: 信任(心)建立措施;軍事互信機制;新安全觀;Confidence Building Measures;Military Confidence Building Measures;New Security Perspective
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:38:00 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 一、冷戰後,國際情勢愈趨緩和,中共因應改革開放,為求經濟的持續發展,必須維持穩定的週邊及國際政治環境;在此目的下,也影響中共對其「信任建立措施」觀點暨運用。加諸,其「綜合國力」的大幅提昇,為消弭國際間,尤其是亞太地區對「中共威脅論」疑慮,強調其「和平發展」道路。中共藉由倡導以新的安全觀,建立新型的安全合作模式,積極邀請週邊或區域主要國家,發展「信任建立措施」。惟中共仍以「和平共處」五項原則為基礎,無法跳脫國家戰略的考量與意圖;基本上,中共希望藉著「信任建立措施」的實行,消除阻礙其對外發展的「中國威脅論」。
    Since the end of the Cold war, many tensions in the international society appear to be eased. In order to sustain it’s economic development, China have to keep stable relationship with international community and such intention also affects China’s positions and practices on confidence building measures (CBMs). Besides, to ease the concerns of other countries about “China threat”, China has been enthusiastically concluding many CBMs agreements with other countries and group of countries by advocating new security concept and cooperative patterns. However, the measures which China took still think inside the box of national strategies.
    The features of China’s CBMs can be summarized as follow: 1) setting up political statement, 2) enhancing informal patterns, 3) developing bilateral and multilateral relationship simultaneously, 4) advancing step by step. To maintain its best interests, China’s CBMs establishment with Russia, central Asia countries, India, USA and Japan is based on four dimensions:
    1. military strategy: to ease the concerns of other countries about China threat.
    2. economic strategy: to protect primary economic interests, and to create a suitable economic development environment.
    3. security strategy: to constrain the rise of separationism.
    4. energy strategy: to assure the security of supply line and supply.
    With the rapidly rising of China’s national power, the strengths of economy and military power have gradually tilted to in favor of China. It’s important to put efforts on how to establish CBMs between both sides under the prerequisite of security across the Taiwan Strait. However, there still exist differences on the issues of definition of “one China,” perception of sovereignty, and perception of threat between Taiwan and the Mainland. Close cross-strait contacts on all aspects over the years have produced structural changes in cross-strait relations, and this has given opportunities for both sides to achieve peace. Based on the research findings, I suggest that, how to establish CBMs between both sides through “enhancing political will”, “indentifying responsible institution”, “establishing research units and databases”, “adopting defense strategies” and “obtaining support from the US” by the Taiwan government should be the priority in the current stage. In the meanwhile, the planning of establishing thinking tank and the effects caused by military imbalance of cross-strait should be put into evaluation by the Ministry of National Defense of Taiwan.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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