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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30392

    Title: 俄羅斯過年歲事及其歷史演變的研究
    Other Titles: The study of the new year customs and their historical evolution in Russia
    Authors: 張淳恩;Chang, Chun-en
    Contributors: 淡江大學俄羅斯研究所碩士班
    馬良文;Maliavine, Vladimir
    Keywords: 俄羅斯;節日;新年;風俗;儀式;Russian;festival;holiday;New Year;custom;ceremony
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:37:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 節日的形成過程,是一個民族或國家的歷史文化長期積澱凝聚的過程。因此不同的民族國家,有著截然不同的節日及慶祝方式,節日的產生和其民族的歷史背景有著絕對的關係。也可以說,不同的節日對不同的民族來說,其意義也是大相逕庭的。節日雖屬一門獨立的文化,然其根源來自俄羅斯的傳統民俗,所有的內容與生活乃是分不開的,且皆具有實用的價值。

    Holiday is a core element of culture. Its historical transformations closely follows
    the main stages of culture’s historical development. That is why holidays, both
    traditional and modern, reflects virtually all aspects of cultural heritage as well as the
    ideological system and the policy of state. In spite of differences between the system
    of holidays in various cultural traditions, there is some general pattern which reveals
    universal patterns of cultural practice. The comparative study of festivities amon
    different tribes and nations can disclose the nature of human culture in general and its
    main lines of historical development. This study’s main goal is the analysis of
    traditional New Year celebrations.
    The New Year is the most basic and ancient festival, which served as a prototype
    for other holidays within an annual circle. So the study of the New Year Customs and
    their Historical Evolution in Russia is especially revealing for the understanding of
    the nature of holiday. New Year celebration gave a particularly long history, they have undergone important transformations and so testify to the main stages of the history of
    Russian society and the mentally of Russian people in past and present. These
    transformations also constitute one of the main subject of study.
    There are no comprehensive studies and collection of ethnographical sources on
    New Year Customs and their historical evolution in Russia. Still, it is possible to mark
    out four main stages of their development: the ancient period when festivals were part
    of the primitive agrarian religion, New Year festivities as a part of the pre-modern
    urban culture, the modern period (coinciding with the Communist rule) and New Year
    festivities after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The study is based mostly on
    Russian historical sources and materials collected by the author in Russia, including
    some field study. An extensive literature from Russia , Taiwan, China and USA has
    also been consulted.
    This thesis consists of six chapters. The first chapter contains theoretical
    introduction explaining the research motivation, purpose, method, scope and
    limitations of study. The author offers the review and initial analysis of primary
    sources and literature as well as the chief results of the study. The second chapter is
    dedicated to the comprehensive analysis of New Year festivities in traditional Russian
    village with a special emphasis on Christmas and Maslenitsa customs. The third
    chapter deals with the New Year celebrations in Russian Empire period and is focused
    mostly on official ceremonies and New Year activities of the urban population. The
    fourth chapter describes the change of festivals’ status in the Soviet time and major
    innovations in festivities. During this period the festivals have become the object of
    ideological policy. The fifth chapter containa an analysis of the New Year’s place in
    modern Russia’s social life. The sixth chapter features the main conclusions of the
    Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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