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|Title: ||蘇聯對盛世才新疆政權的政策 : 以霸權理論分析|
|Other Titles: ||Soviet policy toward Sheng Shi-tsai's regime in Xinjiang : analysis from on hegemony theory|
|Authors: ||陳潁雋;Chen Ying-jun|
|Keywords: ||新疆;盛世才;蘇聯與新疆的關係;霸權理論;Xinjiang;Sheng Shi-tsai;Soviet Union-Xinjiang Relationship;Hegemony Theory|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:37:17 (UTC+8)|
The geographical location and historical origin have made the leaders of Xinjiang have tried to cultivate friendly relationships with the Soviet Union for seeking the stabilization of economic and political power since the Chinese Republican era. Of all the leaders, Sheng Shi-tsai was the most active one. Through military, economic and political aids the Soviet Union helped Sheng Shi-tsai to consolidate his power base in Xinjiang. Moreover, because of its control over Sheng Shi-tsai’s regime, Xinjiang played a crucial role in the subsequent development of Sino-Soviet relationship and in Sino-Japanese war. The current thesis aims to discuss the Soviet Union’s intentions, main strategies and influences on the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai from 1933 to 1942. Also, it focuses on the content of Soviet Union’s strategies on Sheng Shi-tsai’s regime. In addition, some hypotheses and topics based on Hegemony Theory are analyzed and examined.
The major research topics are as follows:
1. The Soviet Union’s ambitions toward Xinjiang.
2. The intentions of the Soviet Union for aiding and consolidating the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai.
3. The major strategies of Soviet Union in controlling the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai in Xinjiang.
4. The Change of the Soviet Union’s policies on the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai and its impact.
Through the study of the relevant literature, as well as the analysis of the materials hold in Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI) and Academia Historica, we not only confirm the hypotheses made in this thesis but also come to the following conclusions:
1. Three main approaches can be used for the Soviet’s Penetration to Xinjiang: the military and economic aids, the sending of advisors or experts for the direct control, and the penetration of the ideology. Through these ways, the Soviet Union set up and consolidate the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai. They have become the fixed strategies for Soviet’s Penetration to Xinjiang.
2. Through the policies of the Soviet Union on the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai we can understand the Soviet Union’s foreign strategy. The soviet Union, on one hand, emphasized sovereign of Guomindang (GMD) government over Xinjiang to avoid impacting the Soviet Union’s strategic layout in the Far East; on the other hand, it strengthened the military and economic control over Xinjiang in order to show its ambition to control Sheng’s regime.
3. The Soviet Union expanded the control over the regime of Sheng Shi-tsai. The change of the policies, from the aid to the plunder, resulted in Sheng''s loyalty shifting away from the Soviets and back to the GMD.
4. Despite of anti-Soviet behavior of Sheng Shi-tsai and the intervene of the GMD government, Soviet Union didn’t want to give up the vested benefits in Xinjiang. However, the Soviet Union wasn’t allowed to take large-scale countermeasures to Sheng Shi-tsai.
5. The Soviet Union had no intention to escalate the problem of Xinjiang to the problem between the Soviet Union and China. On the other hand, Xinjiang independence from Chinese rule didn’t correspond to the best interests of the Soviet Union.
|Appears in Collections:||[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文|
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