俄羅斯文明模式與東正教的傳統在歷史發展過程中，產生深刻矛盾，這些矛盾在現代化過程中，向俄羅斯社會提出了極大的挑戰。在俄羅斯白銀時代，這些問題已經成熟，並且知識份子一定要解決這些矛盾。所以所謂的新宗教意識，正是對此的回答。 This thesis aims at clarifying the historical background and significance of an intellectual the religious movement during the so-called Silver age of Russian history 1901-1914.One of its most important aspects was the search for the so-called New Religious Consciousness. This novelty was a response to contradictions and challenges related to the Russia modernization as well as the legacy of the intelligence tradition.
During imperial age, there emerged painful split between Russian’s Orthodox tradition and social culture, whose most nature product of intelligence was a call for New Religious Consciousness was aimed at overcoming this split and creating “new religious sociality”that integrate Christian and secular values.
This thesis deals with the following issues: 1.Religious thought of V. Soloviev, V. Rozanove, and D. Mereshkovski as well as other religious thinkers of the time, including S. Bulgakov and S. Frank. 2.The influence of the Religious-Philosophical Meetings that held in Saint Petersburg during 1901 -1903. 3.The religious thought of N.A Berdyaev who both sympathized with the new religious movement and criticized it. 4.How the major authors of the book“Landmark”(1909) criticized the tradition of social activity and religious values.
Due to many factors, the search for New Religious Consciousness failed to achieve its goals, but it revealed some vital features of Russian thought and society. Its questions are still very important for contemporary Russian thought.