English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 49064/83169 (59%)
造訪人次 : 6957267      線上人數 : 69
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30367


    題名: 俄羅斯跨國移入勞工之研究
    其他題名: The study of migrant labors in Russia
    作者: 吳怡欣;Wu, Yi-hsin
    貢獻者: 淡江大學俄羅斯研究所碩士班
    魏百谷;Wei, Bai-ku
    關鍵詞: 移民勞工;薪資;人口;俄羅斯;Migrant labors;Wages;population;Russia
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:36:07 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 根據世界銀行2007年的報告,俄羅斯是第二大移民接受國,僅次於美國。國際移民對俄羅斯經濟發展而言是不可或缺的,其重要性不斷提升的最重要理由是俄羅斯人口危機的持續發展。因人口危機衍生的勞動力短缺問題,嚴重地牽動著俄羅斯國家未來的發展。引進經濟性的移民勞工是俄羅斯解決當前人口危機問題的立即性措施。但是外籍移民勞工畢竟與俄羅斯社會有若干差異,因此本研究試著探討移民勞工對俄羅斯造成之影響。研究發現如下:
    1. 移民勞工的數量隨著俄羅斯經濟的持續成長,2000年以後數量不斷上升的。在勞動市場上也發生與其他已開發國家一樣的狀況,亦即勞動市場分割的現象。
    2. 對薪資與就業層面的影響,因為勞動市場存在分割現象,且移民勞工從事的主要行業,是當地勞工所不願從事的工作,所以對於薪資與就業,並未出現顯著的影響。
    3. 合法的移民勞工有助於增加俄羅斯的國家財政稅收,但對於財政支出部分,因為現行法律規定,移民勞工無法享用社會福利,故支出方面尚不構成額外的負擔。
    4. 俄羅斯人對移民勞工的態度,會隨著當時的政治經濟情況而有所變化,移民勞工融入社會,需要依賴政府相關政策的輔助。關於社會層面的影響,目前仍未有明確的結果,但潛藏可能發生摩擦的危機,需要政府得宜的措施,幫助降低摩擦,促進融合。
    According to the World Bank report in 2007, Russia is second-largest migrant-receiving country in the world, second to U.S.A. The continuous population crisis has made international migration indispensable for the economy development in Russia. The shortage of labor forces generated from population crisis has seriously affected the development of this country that the introducing of migrant labor has become the immediate solution of population crisis. Considering the fundamental differences between the migrant labor and the Russian society, this study tries to explore impacts brought to Russia by the migrant labor. The findings are as follows:
    1. The quantity of migrant labor increased along with the growth of the economy in Russia after year 2000. Like other developed countries, the phenomenon of segmented labor market is emerging in Russia.
    2. There is no remarkable impact in the aspect of wages and employment, owing to the emergence of segmented labor market. Besides, the migrant labor is engaged mainly in the works disinclined by the local labor.
    3. The legal migrant labor helps to raise the tax revenue in Russia. But owing to the legal rules, migrant labor is not entitled to enjoy the social welfare, and thus causes no additional burden to the expenditure.
    4. The Russian''s point of view towards the migrant labor fluctuated according to the political and economical situation. The impact on the society is not explicit so far, but the crisis of collision between the migrant labor and the Russian society is not impossible. To help the migrant labor to integrate into the social and to reduce the possible crisis of collision, the establishment of appropriate policy by the government is critical.
    顯示於類別:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    0KbUnknown252檢視/開啟

    在機構典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.

    TAIR相關文章

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - 回饋